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The History of Video Games

By Enosis
  • Sega Was Launched

    Sega Was Launched
  • Magnavox Odyssey

    Magnavox Odyssey
    World's first game console
    Prototype known as the “Brown Box” is now at the Smithsonian
    340,000 units sold
  • Maze Wars

    Maze Wars
    One of the first FPS
    Used tile-based movement
    Players wander in a maze
    Players gain points for shooting other players and lose them for being shot
  • Period: to

    Second Generation

    By the mid-1970s cartridges moved to CPU-based consoles Games now consisting of microprocessor-based code; games burned onto ROM chips mounted inside plastic cartridge casings that could be plugged into slots on the console
  • Atari 2600

    Atari 2600
    Popularized game cartridges - popular in the 1980s
    Two joysticks, two paddle controllers, and a cartridge game - initially Combat later Pac-Man
    Originally Atari VCS; later changed to "Atari 2600" in 1982, after the release of Atari 5200
  • Chuck E Cheese’s

    Chuck E Cheese’s
    First family entertainment centers aimed at young children Pizza restaurant with arcade games, amusement rides, an animatronics show, climbing equipment, tubes, and slides
    Helped improve the image of video games
  • Space Invaders

    Space Invaders
    Created in Japan - later licensed in US Shooting game - players defeat waves of aliens with a laser and earn points So successful it caused a temporary shortage of coins in Japan Grossed $2 billion worldwide by 1982
  • Asteroids

    Asteroids
    Popular and influential game - 70,000 sold by Atari Vector display and 2D view Object - shoot asteroids and saucers while not colliding or being hit by counter-fire
  • Pac Man

    Pac Man
    Namco - considered among the most famous arcade games of all time Became a social phenomenon that sold related merchandise and inspired an animated television series and a top-ten hit single
  • Donkey kong

    Donkey kong
    The hero and ape became two of Nintendo's most popular characters
    By Nintendo
  • Mario Brothers

    Mario Brothers
    By Nintendo – platform arcade
    It was a full Color game.
    Mario, a Italian-American plumber, and his brother Luigi must defeat creatures from the sewers below New York
  • Period: to

    Third Generation

  • Tetris

    Tetris
    Name is from the Greek numerical prefix tetra- four segments Sold more than 70 million copies *In January 2010, it was announced that Tetris has sold more than 100 million copies for mobile phones alone since 2005
  • Video Game Crash

    Video Game Crash
    The delay of Atari's 7800 console left consumers hungry for the next big thing A flood of consoles on the US market gave consumers too many choices Poor game titles and too many games based on the movie ET Millions of consumers shifted their intention to buy choices from game consoles to low-end computers that retailed for similar prices
  • NES Gaming System

    NES Gaming System
    8-bit console by Nintendo
    Most successful of its time; Sold over 60 million worldwide
    Helped revitalize the US industry following crash of 1984 - set the standard for consoles
  • The Legend of Zelda

    The Legend of Zelda
    Fantasy action-adventure created in Japan and published by Nintendo
    Link, a playable character, must rescue Princess Zelda
    As of December 2011, sold 67.93 million copies
  • Atari 7800

    Atari 7800
    Replaced Atari 5200,and re-establish Atari's supremacy over Nintendo and Sega
    Designed to be upgraded to a home computer
    Digital joysticks; fully backward-compatible with the Atari 2600; and affordable - $140
  • Final Fantasy

    Final Fantasy
    Science fantasy RPGs
    Known for innovation, visuals, full-motion videos, photo-realistic character models, and orchestrated music
  • Period: to

    Handheld Games

  • Nintendo’s Game Boy

    Nintendo’s Game Boy
    8-bit for $89.95
    First successful handheld - predecessor of all other Game Boys
    Originally bundled with Tetris
    Sold 118.69 million worldwide
  • Period: to

    Fifth Generation

    Dominated by three consoles, Sega Saturn, Sony PlayStation, and Nintendo 64
    Performance depended on other factors such as processor clock speed, bandwidth, and memory size
    PCs now were powerful enough to emulate the 8- and 16-bit systems of the previous five or more years
  • Sony PlayStation

    Sony PlayStation
    32-bit by Sony
    First of a series of PS consoles
    First to ship 100 million units
    PS2 released in 2000 is best-selling home console to date
    Has a PlayStation network
  • Nintendo 64

    Nintendo 64
    Nintendo's third home console $199
    64-bit processor sold 32.93 million units worldwide
    Released Super Mario 64 and Pilotwings 64
  • Period: to

    Sixth Generation

    128-bit Era
  • Sony PlayStation 2

    Sony PlayStation 2
    Best-selling console in history, selling over 150 million
    Over 3870 game title are available
    Produced for 12 years
  • Nintendo GameCube

    Nintendo GameCube
    Nintendo's fourth system used compact discs
    Sold 22 million units worldwide
    Discontinued in 2007
  • Microsoft Xbox

    Microsoft Xbox
    Microsoft's first console with 24 million units sold
    Allowed players to play online
    $299.99
    Discontinued in 2008
    Followed by the Xbox 360 and Xbox One
  • Period: to

    Seventh Generation

    Started on November 22, 2005 with the release of Microsoft's Xbox 360 and a year later with Sony's PlayStation 3 on November 17, 2006 and Nintendo's Wii on November 19, 2006
    Each new console introduced a new type of breakthrough in technology
    Wii appears to be the leading seller of this generation