The History of Our Democracy

  • Jan 1, 1100

    Monarchs Rule

    Monarchs rule but nobles gain power via land in exchange for loyalty, tax money, and military support.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to

    The History of Our Democracy

    This is the timeline of which English Heritage inspired our Democracy of American Civilization. This timeline presents historic events that in turn relate to the Enlgish colonies, and the gain of independence.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Nobles force King John, who was treating them harshly, to sign a document that limited power of the monarch, stated that one one was above the law, and that everyone would be treated equally under the law.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Development of Parliament

    The next king develops a that represents the common people of England.
  • House of Burgesses

    1st legislature in English colonies
  • Mayflower Compact

    Established direct democracy
  • Period: to

    John Locke, English Writer

    John Locke believed that people are born free, equal, & independent, born with natural rights to life, liberty, and property that no gov't can take away; gov't must maintain social contract; people give up part of their freedom in exchange for protection of natural rights
  • The Fundamental Order of Connecticut

    This was the 1st written Costitution in America
  • Massachusetts Body of Liberties

  • Pennsylvania Frame of Government

  • Glorious Revolution

    Net removes King James III and places him with his daughter Mary and her husband William- from this time on, no ruler had more power than Parliament.
  • English Bill of Rights

    This document ther restricted monarchs' power, guaranteed free elections to Parliament, gave right to a free trial, and eliminated cruel and unusual punishment.
  • Period: to

    Baron de Montesquieu

    Baron de Montesquieu divided branches of gov't into different parts to balance each other out so no one can become too strong
  • Period: to

    Baron de Montesquieu

    Baron de Montesquieu believed in divided branches of gov't into different parts to balance each other out so no one can become too strong.
  • Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges

    Mists believed in egalitarianism- part of this was the belief that colonists had the rights of native English people.
  • Period: to

    Jean-Jacques Rosseau

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote the Social Contract- people alone have the right to determine how they should be governed
  • 13 Colonies Established

    Each colony had a governor (appointed by the king) and a legislature, which both established the basis of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Colonists can't live west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Stamp Act & Quartering Act

    Stamp Act- Parliament taxes all paper goods in the colonies.
    Quartering Act- Colonists are forced to to die barracks and supplies for British soldiers
  • Declaratory Act

    Stamp Act repealed, Declaratory Act states that Parliament s the right to tax and make decisions for American colonies in all cases
  • Townshend Acts

    allowed British gov't customs office to enter to search anywhere suspected of smuggling goods (because many colonists were doing this because of taxes and boycotting)
  • Boston Massacre

  • Tea Act & Boston Tea Party

    Tea Act- British could ship tea to the colonies without a tax, making it cheaper to buy than colonial tea
  • First Continental Congress

    Met in Philadelphia- write to King George III- "We demand you restore our rights as British citizens"
  • Battle of Lexington & Concord/ 2nd Continental Cigress Meers

    Battle of Lexington & Concord- 1st battle of American Revolution
  • "Common Sense" and Declaration of Independence

    Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" is published- moved many undecided colonists toward the belief that independence was the only course of action Declaration to Independence is written-
    gives list of complaints against the king
    states believes about individual rights
    pulled from ideas of Locke & Montesquieu