Paper InventionChina. The Han dynasty Chinese court official Cai Lun (c. 50–121 CE) is credited as the inventor of a method of papermaking (inspired by wasps and bees) using rags and other plant fibers in 105 CE.
CodexA stock of pages bound along one edge. The word codex comes from the Latin word caudex, meaning "trunk of a tree", “block of wood” or “book”. The codex began to replace the scroll almost as soon as it was invented. In Egypt, by the fifth century, the codex outnumbered the scroll by ten to one based on surviving examples.
Printing PressJohannes Gutemberg, was a German goldsmith, inventor of the modern movable type printing press, around 1440. Making easy to produce text and easy to copy.
Paper type and cover.The paper was less expensive to produce a book than the papirus or the ones made with animal skins.
SpinesSpines were not consider important were flat not rounded. Early and medieval codices were bound with flat spines, and it was not until the fifteenth century that books began to have the rounded spines associated with hardcovers today. The flat ones were easily damage with the continuos used. The round ones solved the issue and provide fexibility for the on the go reader.
Fonts sizes and type.Reversed letters hand made. Nicholas Jensen developed 2 types or Roman letters like the Times Romas. on the late 15h century. covers were replaced by robe fiber as a less expensive option.
E-BooksThe industry for buying and selling e-books first emerged as a mainstream business in the late 1990s, when companies like Peanut Press began selling book content for reading on personal digital assistants (PDAs), handheld devices that were the predecessors of today's smartphones and tablet computers.
E-books, are real books? the feel of the cover or the smell of the paper part of the experience or does the words what really matters?