The History of Art

  • 476

    Byzantine and Islamic Art

    • Heavenly Byzantine mosaics; Islamic architecture and amazing maze-like design.
    • Hagia Sophia, Andrei Rublev, Mosque of Córdoba, the Alhambra
  • 500

    Middle Ages Art

    • Celtic art, Carolingian Renaissance, Romanesque, Gothic.
    • St. Sernin, Durham Cathedral, Notre Dame, Chartres, Cimabue, Duccio, Giotto.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Early and High Renaissance Art

    • Rebirth of classical culture.
    • Ghiberti's Doors, Brunelleschi, Donatello, Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael
  • Jan 1, 1430

    Venetian and Northern Renaissance Art

    • The Renaissance spreads north- ward to France, the Low Countries, Poland, Germany, and England.
    • Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, Dürer, Bruegel, Bosch, Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden.
  • Jan 1, 1527

    Mannerism Art

    • Art that breaks the rules; artifice over nature.
    • Tintoretto, El Greco, Pontormo, Bronzino, Cellini.
  • Baroque Art

    • Splendor and flourish for God; art as a weapon in the religious wars.
    • Reubens, Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Palace of Versailles.
  • Neoclassical Art

    • Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur.
    • David, Ingres, Greuze, Canova.
  • Romanticism Art

    • The triumph of imagination and individuality.
    • Caspar Friedrich, Gericault, Delacroix, Turner, Benjamin West.
  • Realism Art

    • Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting.
    • Corot, Courbet, Daumier, Millet
  • Impressionism Art

    • Capturing fleeting effects of natural light.
    • Monet, Manet, Renoir, Pissarro, Cassatt, Morisot, Degas.
  • Post-Impressionism Art

    • A soft revolt against Impressionism.
    • Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cézanne, Seurat.
  • Fauvism and Expressionism Art

    • Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting form.
    • Matisse, Kirchner, Kandinsky, Marc.
  • Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl Art

    • Pre– and Post–World War 1 art experiments: new forms to express modern life.
    • Picasso, Braque, Leger, Boccioni, Severini, Malevich.
  • Dada and Surrealism Art

    • Ridiculous art; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious.
    • Duchamp, Dalí, Ernst, Magritte, de Chirico, Kahlo.
  • Abstract Expressionism Art and Pop Art

    • Post–World War II: pure abstraction and expression without form; popular art absorbs consumerism.
    • Gorky, Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Warhol, Lichtenstein.
  • Postmodernism and Deconstructivism Art

    • Art without a center and reworking and mixing past styles.
    • Gerhard Richter, Cindy Sherman, Anselm Kiefer, Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid.