The Harlem Renaissance

By aplit
  • Black Migration

    Black Migration
    After the Civil War about two million African Americans migrated from the South to northern cities between 1890 and 1920. They were looking for better opportunity, the start of a new life, and family members that might have escaped during slavery.
  • Period: to

    The Harlem Renaissance

  • Formation of the NAACP

    Formation of the NAACP
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP, is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, whose mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination."
  • Claude McKay Publishes

    Claude McKay Publishes
    Two of Claude McKay's poems are published in the white literary journal Seven Arts under the Alias Eli Edwards.
  • Foundation of the United Negro Improvement Association

    Foundation of the United Negro Improvement Association
    Marcus Garvey arrives in Harlem and founds the United Negro Improvement Association. It was a charitable, educational, society that worked to uplift African Americans and attempted to respect the rights of all as well as themselves.
  • Silent Protest Parade

    Silent Protest Parade
    The protest was planned by the NAACP in response to a particularly vicious race riotin East St. Louis, Illinois, in which at least 100 black people were murdered, many of them lynched. The march was down Fifth Avenue. It was led by children, followed by the women and then the men, all dressed in white.
  • Return From theWar

    Return From theWar
    369th Regiment marched up Fifth Avenue to Harlem from returning to the US after WWI has heroes. Many had fought in the hopes that it would earn them respect and further the black cause. However, the year they came back was one of the worst years for the amount of black lynching.
  • Race Riots

    Race Riots
    In response to African American lynching, and other violent crimes, race riots broke out in Washington, D.C., Chicago, Charleston, Knoxville, Omaha, and other cities from June to September. This was known as the "Red Summer of Hate."
  • Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) Convention

    Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) Convention
    They attempted to try to figure out how to counteract deeds by the KKK and campaigned against lynching, Jim Crow laws, denial of black voting rights and racial discrimination.
  • New NAACP Leadership

    New NAACP Leadership
    James Weldon Johnson becomes the first black officer (secretary) of NAACP.
  • Charles Gilpin takes a lead role

    Charles Gilpin takes a lead role
    Acclaimed American playwright Eugene O'Neil's drama The Emperor Jones opens at the Provincetown Playhouse with black actor Charles Gilpin in the lead role. The play is a mix of expressionism and realism and was his first play to receive great critical acclaim.
  • Black Swan Phonograph Corporation

    Black Swan Phonograph Corporation
    Harry Pace founds the Black Swan Phonograph Corporation and begins production of the race records brought jazz and blues music to a wider audience.
  • Shuffle Along

    Shuffle Along
    Shuffle Along by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake is the first musical revue written and performed by African Americans Broadway's David Belasco Theaterhe musical revue. Spark that ignites the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill

     Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill
    First Anti-Lynching legislation approved by House of Representatives. Unfortunately, the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill of 1922 failed to become federal law
  • Duke Ellington

    Duke Ellington
    Pianist, composer, and band leader Duke Ellington arrives in New York with his band, the Washingtonians. The Harlem Renaissance was in full swing now attracting black intellectuals, artists, and musicians to celebrate and explore black culture and creativity.
  • Dance

    Louis Armstrong joins Fletcher Henderson's orchestra, becomes the most popular dance band in New York
  • There Is Confusion

    There Is Confusion
    The publication of Jessie Redmon Fauset's There Is Confusion marks the first Harlem Renaissance book by a woman writer
  • The Cotton Club

    The Cotton Club
    The Cotton Club opened. It was a famous night club in Harlem, New York City that operated during Prohibition that included jazz music. While the club featured many of the greatest African American entertainers of the era.
  • Civic Club Dinner

    Civic Club Dinner
    Civic Club Dinner, sponsored by Opportunity, bringing black writers and white publishers together. This event is considered the formal launching of of the New Negro movement.
  • Jazz

    The exciting new musical form known as jazz is showcased in the "First American Jazz Concert" at Aeolian Hall in New York
  • New Negro Anthology

    New Negro Anthology
    The New Negro anthology, edited by Alain Locke, introduces the work and ideas of the Harlem Renaissance
  • The Weary Blues

    The Weary Blues
    Langston Hughes's first volume of poetry, The Weary Blues, is published.
  • Marcus Garvey deported

    Marcus Garvey deported
    Ordered to leave the United States, Marcus Garvey returns to Jamaica.
  • Harlem Globetrotters

    Harlem Globetrotters
    Harlem Globetrotters established. The Harlem Globetrotters are a basketball team that combines athleticism, theater and comedy. They adopted the name Harlem because of its connotations as a major black community.
  • Abraham's Bosom

    In Abraham's Bosom by Paul Green, with an all-black cast, won the Pulitzer Prize
  • Wedding

    Poet Countee Cullen marries Yolande Du Bois, daughter of the great black leader, in an extravagant wedding that is one of the most memorable social events of the Harlem Renaissance
  • New organizations

    New organizations
    During this year, the Negro Experimental Theatre was founded, the Negro Art Theatre was founded, and the National Colored Players was founded
  • Harlem

    Wallace Thurman's play Harlem opens on Broadway, becoming the most successful production of its time by a black author.
  • stock market crashes

    stock market crashes
    The stock market crashes, setting off the economic downturn known as the Great Depression
  • New Schools

    New Schools
    Artist Augusta Savage opens the Savage School of Arts and Crafts in Harlem
  • Scottsboro trial

    Scottsboro trial
    Scottsboro trial: April to May. They were convicted of alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on the Southern Railroad freight run from Chattanooga to Memphis.
  • Works Project Administration

    Works Project Administration
    A number of Harlem Renaissance writers and artists find employment with the Works Project Administration, a government-sponsored program designed to put Americans back to work
  • Harlem Race Riot

    Harlem Race Riot
    Harlem Race Riot was sparked off by rumors of the beating of a teenage shoplifter. Three died, hundreds were wounded and an estimated $2 million in damages were sustained to properties throughout the district, with African-American owned homes and businesses spared the worst of the destruction