The Battle of Chuvash Cape

By Smaldo
  • 1410

    The Khanate of Sibir was founded

    The Khanate of Sibir was founded
    In the early 15th century, the Khanate of Sibir was founded by Taibuga, an either Muslim or Shamanist descendant from noblemen in the Golden Horde; after the fall of the horde, a power vacuum was created, allowing Taibuga to seize power.
  • 1468

    Power in Siberia switched hands

    Power in Siberia switched hands
    Ibak Khan, a Muslim descendant of Genghis Khan (a Shaybanid), kills Taibuga's grandson, Mar, who was by then the Khan, and comes to power.
  • 1495

    Ibak Khan was killed

    Ibak Khan was killed
    Mar's grandson, Muhammad, kills Ibak Khan in battle and takes power. He changes the capital from Chimgi-Tura to Qashliq.
  • 1552

    Kazan was occupied

    Kazan was occupied
    In August 1552, Ivan the Terrible's 150,000 strong army sacked the walled and moated city of Kazan. After its sacking, Russian colonists occupied the Kazan Khanate.
  • 1553

    The Siberian Khan sought after friendly relations with Russia

    The Siberian Khan sought after friendly relations with Russia
    After watching the neighboring Khanate fall to the might of Ivan the Terrible, the Taibugid Siberian Khan, Yadigar, to seek friendship with the Tsardom of Russia.
  • 1554

    Kuchum began to contest the throne of the Siberian Khanate

    Kuchum began to contest the throne of the Siberian Khanate
    Kuchum, a Shaybanid, begins fighting with Yadigar for the the title of Khan.
  • 1563

    Kuchum ascended to the throne, becoming Kuchum Khan

    Kuchum ascended to the throne, becoming Kuchum Khan
    After Yadigar died, Kuchum ascended to the throne, and began converting the mostly Shamanist people of Siberia to Islam.
  • 1573

    Kuchum Khan raided Perm

    Kuchum Khan raided Perm
    In 1573, Kuchum Khan decided to conduct a raid against the Russian trading post of Perm. After it, a family of merchants asked Yermak, a Cossack general, to attack the Siberians.
  • The Battle of Chuvash Cape

    The Battle of Chuvash Cape
    After Yermak was hired, he brought his army of 840 men to Kuchum's numerically superior forces. However, since Yermak's men possessed guns, and Kuchum's only had bows and arrows, Yermak's forces won easily.
  • Kuchum killed Yermak

    Kuchum killed Yermak
    After watching his Khanate fall to Yermak, Kuchum killed him and rose to the throne once again, however, by then, it was already too late.
  • Tyumen was founded

    Tyumen was founded
    Tyumen served as a fortress to protect the areas around fallen Qashliq.
  • Tobolsk was raided

    Tobolsk was raided
    During Kuchum's fall, he conducted a raid against the people living around the Russian city of Tobolsk.
  • Kuchum's wives and child were kidnapped

    Kuchum's wives and child were kidnapped
    On the Ishym River, a Russian General captured two of Kuchum's wives and his son. The son was later given estates in Russia.
  • Beryozovo, a trading center, was founded on the Ob river

    Beryozovo, a trading center, was founded on the Ob river
    The founding of this granted easier access to regions farther east.
  • Fort Tara was built

    Fort Tara was built
    In order to control Kuchum, who was still raiding Russian settlements, a fort at Tara was built.
  • Kuchum's forces were raided

    Kuchum's forces were raided
    Many of Kuchum's followers were raided by Russians on the upper Irtysh River.
  • Kuchum negotiated with Russia

    Kuchum negotiated with Russia
    In 1597, Kuchum asked his son to negotiate with the Tsar for peace, however, when they offered him estates in return for surrender, Kuchum refused.
  • Kuchum was finally defeated

    Kuchum was finally defeated
    Over the thirteen or so years after Yermak's death, Russia had slowly conquered the Siberian Khanate. In 1598, Kuchum was defeated at the banks of the River Ob, the eastern border of the Siberian Khanate. Kuchum was forced to flee, ending his rule over Siberia. However, the Russians killed two of his sons and captured another five sons, eight daughters, and eight wives. A Muslim cleric was later sent to negotiate, but Kuchum described himself as deaf and blind and refused to submit.
  • Kuchum died in ruin.

    Kuchum died in ruin.
    It is said that Kuchum died in Bukhara, a town in the Central Asian steppes.
  • Demid Pyanda, a Russian explorer, reached the River Lena

    Demid Pyanda, a Russian explorer, reached the River Lena
    By doing so, he opened up exploration west of the river. He was also likely the first explorer to discover Yakutia.
  • Pyotr Beketov, a Russian explorer, became the first to discover Buryatia.

    Pyotr Beketov, a Russian explorer, became the first to discover Buryatia.
    He forced the residents to pay taxes to the Russian government.
  • Another Russian explorer, Maksim Perfilyev, discovered Dauria

    Another Russian explorer, Maksim Perfilyev, discovered Dauria
    He was the first to discover the region near Lake Baikal.
  • Ivan Moskvitin reached the Pacific Ocean

    Ivan Moskvitin reached the Pacific Ocean
    With help of locals, they found the Amur river, and discovered the Sea of Okhotsk.
  • Kurbat Ivanov, an explorer, drew the first map of the Russian far east.

    Kurbat Ivanov, an explorer, drew the first map of the Russian far east.
    This isn't the exact map (I couldn't find it), but this is another map of his of the region around Lake Baikal.
  • Mikhail Stadukhin, another explorer, discovered the Bering Strait.

    Mikhail Stadukhin, another explorer, discovered the Bering Strait.
    Thus, he also discovered Chukotka and Cape Dezhnev, the easternmost point of mainland Asia.
  • Yerofey Khabarov fought the first battles with Chinese and Koreans

    Yerofey Khabarov fought the first battles with Chinese and Koreans
    He either won or evaded most of them, and he later drafted a map of the Amur River.
  • Kurbat Ivanov drew a map of the Bering Sea.

    Kurbat Ivanov drew a map of the Bering Sea.
    It was the first to include the Diomede Islands, Wrangel Island, and Alaska.
  • Peter the Great sent a Dane to explore the Arctic

    Peter the Great sent a Dane to explore the Arctic
    The Czar wanted the Dane, Vitus Bering, to find a trade route between America and the Kamchatka Peninsula. 1728 is the year that he reached the Bering Strait, however he turned back due to the aggressive Chukchi people.
  • Tsarina Anna put Bering in charge of three expeditions

    Tsarina Anna put Bering in charge of three expeditions
    He was told to explore the North Pacific, explore more of eastern Siberia, and map the northern coast of Siberia. These expeditions lasted until 1742 and were known as the Great Northern Expeditions. Many of the newly discovered geographical features were named after men in the expedition, such as Cape Cheluskin and the Malygin Strait.
  • Bering and Aleksei Chirikov explored the eastern coast of the Bering Strait

    Bering and Aleksei Chirikov explored the eastern coast of the Bering Strait
    The two were not the first to discover Alaska, but they were the first to actually explore it.
  • Mikhail Lomonosov wrote a detailed description of Russian findings in the Arctic

    Mikhail Lomonosov wrote a detailed description of Russian findings in the Arctic
    The physicist and philosopher had previously supplied the voyagers with scientific instruments, taught the sailors to use them, and also developed ship and meteorological log systems. In 1763, he wrote an account on the exploration. He included suggestions about the Arctic currents, explained the Arctic climate, and gave the first scientific theory about the Northern Lights. He also portrayed the Arctic as an ocean, while most people believed that it was nothing more than ice.
  • Fedor Rozmyslov attempted to find the Northeast Passage

    Fedor Rozmyslov attempted to find the Northeast Passage
    There was a problem with the ship, and after a tough winter and several unsuccessful attempts to repair it, the few survivors returned on a merchant ship.
  • The last of the Siberian peoples were conquered by Russia

    The last of the Siberian peoples were conquered by Russia
    The Chukchi people of Eastern Siberia were the most defiant of all people that Russia conquered. In one battle on the Orlova river, Russians lost 51 men: a high loss for gun-wielding Cossacks against the indigenous peoples of Northeastern Siberia. In 1742, Tsarina Elizabeth issued a decree: "Attack the restless Chukchi with an armed hand; eradicate them completely." It took one more emperor and one more empress to finally defeat them.
  • The first Russian settlement on Alaska was founded

    The first Russian settlement on Alaska was founded
    Before 1784, several people had explored the Alaskan coast, but Grigory Shelikhov, a merchant, established a village on Kadyak Island. Later, in 1799, his son would establish New Arkhangelsk (now called Sitka) on Baranov Island, and it would be the capital of Russian Alaska.