Structured time versus freedom in education

  • Period: to

    Significant events of structure and freedom in education

  • 1870 Education Act

    This Act alongside the 1880 Education Act was established to make elementary education compulsory for all.
  • The Butler Act

    The compulsory school leaving age was increased to 15, although the original intention was 16, this did not come into effect until 1972.
  • The Plowden Report

    This report was published emphasising the importance of child-centred learning over didactic teaching methods.
  • Wood, Bruner and Ross

    The work of Wood, Bruner and Ross introduced the term scaffolding as a learning theory based on Vygotsky's approach.
  • The introduction of GCSE's

    1986 saw the merging of O-levels and the CSE systems to create GCSE's.
  • Education Reform Act

    This act was responsible for the introduction of the National Curriculum and SAT's.
  • FE and HE Acts for England

    New Universities were formed from polytechnics as polytechnics and colleges of higher education were granted university status by John Major's government, encouraging widening participation.
  • Excellence in Schools

    This paper was passed, and formed the introduction of compulsory national literacy and numeracy hours within schools.
  • Raising compulsory school leaving age to 18.

    The proposal for raising the compulsory school leaving age to 18, to ensure that all young people are either in education or training up until they are 18.