Special Education Law Timeline

Timeline created by Bernice2
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
    The issue was educational segregation. The Supreme Court ruled that all children had a right to a public education and that it was illegal to discriminate against children due to race, color, and disability. The Supreme Court stated that this issue violated the fourteenth amendment of the Constitution. It prohibits the states from denying equal protection of the laws to any person within their jurisdictions.
  • Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
    The issue was a right to education. The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania settled the case that resulted in a consent decree to which the state agreed to provide free public education for children with mental retardation.
  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia

    Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia
    This ruling established the constitutional right of children with exceptionalities to an education in public school to match their needs. Which includes specialized instruction, irrespective of their functional degree.
  • Armstrong v. Kline

    Armstrong v. Kline
    The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania issued its decision. The court ruled in this case that the 180-day rule violated the plaintiffs right to appropriate public education. The court also stated that this was a violation on the Law 94-142
  • Larry P. v. Riles

    Larry P. v. Riles
    In the 1979 ruling prohibited the use of IQ tests for placing African American Children with mild intellectual disability in the classroom. This ruling applied only to the state of California.
  • Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley

    Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley
    The Supreme Court ruled that the act of 1974 EHA did not require that special instruction or supportive services provided under the law by the state government to disabled students be designed to help them achieve their full potential as learners. Students needed to be given an opportunity to learn.
  • Tatro v. State of Texas

    Tatro v. State of Texas
    The Supreme Court ruled that under Education for all Handicapped Children's Act of 1975 provided children with the right to catherization services during school hours. The court ruled that the school board had to give these services.
  • Daniel R.R. v. State Board of Education

    Daniel R.R. v. State Board of Education
    In this landmark case The Fifth Court Circuit of Appeals ruled that students with disabilities have a right to be included in both academic and extracurricular programs of general education.
  • Oberti v. Board of Education of the Borough of Clementon School District

    Oberti v. Board of Education of the Borough of Clementon School District
    The issue was least restrictive environment. The court ruled that students with disabilities must have placement in a classroom with supplementary aids and services. Student cannot be excluded from a general education classroom solely because curriculum, services, or other practices would require adjustment. Prohibiting a learner from the education in classroom necessitates justification and documentation.
  • Schaffer v. Weast

    Schaffer v. Weast
    The Supreme court ruled that the party bringing the case must bear the burden of proof, whether it is the school or the parents. The parents of Brian Schaffer sued the school district stating that their child did not receive an adequate education.