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    Space race

    The space race was a struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union for the conquest of space that lasted from approximately 1955 to 1975. It involved the parallel effort of both countries to explore outer space with artificial satellites and to send humans to space and to the surface. mole.

    Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. It was launched into an elliptical low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union on 4 October 1957 as part of the Soviet space program.
  • First mammal in orbit around Earth.

    putnik 2 was the second spacecraft launched into Earth orbit, on 3 November 1957, and the first to carry a living animal, a Soviet space dog named Laika
  • First intercontinental ballistic missile

    The R-7 Semiorka was the first intercontinental ballistic missil, it was thrown off by the Soviets
  • Discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt.

    Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the United States in 1958 and was part of the U.S. participation in the International Geophysical Year,
  • First solar-powered satellite

    Vanguard 1 is an American satellite that was the fourth artificial Earth-orbiting satellite
  • First satellite in a polar orbit

    The CORONA program was a series of American strategic reconnaissance satellites produced and operated by the Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Science & Technology
  • First satellite recovered intact from orbit

  • First animals and plants returned alive from space

    Korabl-Sputnik 2, also known as Sputnik 5 in the West, was a Soviet artificial satellite, and the third test flight of the Vostok spacecraft.
  • First planetary flyby (Venus), although contact was lost

    Venera 1
  • First piloted spacecraft orbit change

    Gemini 3 was the first crewed mission in NASA's Project Gemini and was the first time two American astronauts flew together into space
  • First artificial satellite to orbit another celestial body (the Moon)

    Luna 10 (or Lunik 10) was a 1966 Soviet lunar robotic spacecraft mission in the Luna program. It was the first artificial satellite of the Moon.
  • First precisely targeted piloted landing on the Moon (Surveyor 3 site)

  • First lunar rover

    Lunokhod 1 was the first of two robotic lunar rovers landed on the Moon by the Soviet Union as part of its Lunokhod program
  • First human-driven lunar rover

    Apollo 15 was the ninth crewed mission in the United States' Apollo program and the fourth to land on the Moon
  • First mission to enter the asteroid belt and leave inner Solar System

    Pioneer 10
  • First spacecraft to orbit another planet (Venus) (the orbiter)

    Venera, manufacturer's designation: 4V-1 No. 660,[3] was a Soviet uncrewed space mission to Venus
  • First Saturn flyby

    Pioneer 11 (also known as Pioneer G) is a 260-kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA on April 5, 1973, to study the asteroid belt, the environment around Jupiter and Saturn, solar winds, and cosmic rays.
  • First aerostat balloon in the atmosphere of Venus

    Vega 1 (along with its twin Vega 2) was a Soviet space probe, part of the Vega program.
  • First Uranus flyby

    Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977, to study the outer planets and interstellar space beyond the Sun's heliosphere.
  • First Neptune flyby

  • First consistently inhabited long-term research space station

    Mir was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia.

    On 1991 December 31, the United Nations accepted the dissolution of the USSR, which meant the end of the space race.