Space Race

  • Sputnik I

    Sputnik I
    Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I, into space. This event marked the beginning of the "Space Race" between the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • Explorer 1

    Explorer 1
    This was the first American satellite to reach orbit. Explorer 1 had specific equipment on it that was used to discover the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • NASA

    President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958. This established the NASA program in the United States.
  • Luna 1

    Luna 1
    Luna 1 was launched on this date. It became the first man made object to orbit the sun.
  • John F. Kennedy

    John F. Kennedy
    John F. Kennedy is elected as the 35th president of U.S.
  • First Man in Space

    First Man in Space
    Yuri Gagarin, of Soviet Union, becomes the first man in space and to orbit the earth once.
  • Alan B. Shepard

    Alan B. Shepard
    Allan Shepard became the first American in space on this date.
  • Reach the Moon

    Reach the Moon
    President Kennedy informs the country of the goal to reach the moon before the end of the decade.
  • John Glenn

    John Glenn
    On this date american astronaut, John Glenn, was sent into space and orbited the earth 3 times.
  • First Woman in Space

    First Woman in Space
    Valentina Tereshkova, of the Soviet Union, became the first woman in space. NASA did not employ any female astronauts at this time.
  • First Spacewalk

    First Spacewalk
    Ed White performs the first spacewalk while astronaut Jim McDivitt remained in the ship.
  • Astronauts Die

    Astronauts Die
    On this day Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee were killed when a fire ignited in their capsule while performing a test.
  • First Steps on Moon

    First Steps on Moon
    Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin become the first men to walk on the moon. Astronaut Michael Collins orbited the moon alone while this took place.