Space Exploration

  • 476


    Aryabhatta was born in Taregana in Bihar in 476. He was a great mathematician and because of this he was great at astronomy. India's first satellite was named Aryabhatta after him. He also had some knowledge about astronomy that was remarkable. He also explained the causes of lunar and solar eclipses correctly.
  • Feb 19, 1473


    Copernicus was born in February 19, 1947. he lived in Torun, Poland. Copernicus developed his own celestial model of a heliocentric planetary system.

    CSIRO stands for Commonwealth Science and Industrial Research Organisation. It was founded in 1926 but it was originally as the Advisory Council of Science and Industry.
    CSIRO is Australia's national science agency and one of the largest and most diverse research agencies in the world.
  • First animal in space.

    First animal in space.
    The first animals sent into space were fruit flies aboard a U.S.-launched V-2 rocket on February 20, 1947. The purpose of the experiment was to explore the effects of radiation exposure at high altitudes. The fruit flies were recovered alive.
  • Laika the dog

    Laika the dog
    Laika the dog was the first living thing to orbit the Earth in Sputnik 2 in 1957 . Unfortunately, since since the Soviets did not create a re-entry plan, Laika died in space. Laika's death sparked debates about animal rights around the world.
  • NASA

    NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    It was started in 1958 as a part of the United States government.
    NASA creates satellites, send probes into space and they try to find out how to make air travel easier.
  • Yuri Gagarin

    Yuri Gagarin
    Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.
    He is famous for being the first man to be launched into space.
    He acomplished this in the spacecraft called Vostok 1. He completed an orbit of the Earth in 12 April 1961.
  • Apollo

    The Apollo missions were launched in 1963 and ended in 1978. The Apollo mission's main purpose was to send the first man to the moon and back.
  • Galileo

    Galileo was born in Pisa, Italy. He was the one who invented telescopes. He was a mathematics professor who made pioneering observations of nature with long-lasting implications for the study of physics.
  • Skylab 1

    Skylab 1
    Skylab 1 was an unmaned space station that was launched in 1973. During the lift off, because of the vibrations, technical problems developed. An important meteoroid ripped off taking one of the craft's 2 solar panels. A piece of the shield wrapped around the remaining panel to keep it from deploying.
  • The Voyager program.

    The Voyager program.
    The Voyager program was a scientific american program that launched 2 unmanned space missions. These were launched in 1977 to take advantage of a favorable alignment of the planets during the late 1970s. The space missions were called Voyager 1 and Voyager 2.
  • Hayley's comet

    Hayley's comet
    A comet is an object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust and, when near the sun, a ‘tail’ of gas and dust particles pointing away from the sun. THe comet is named after Edward Halley. Halley's comet is one of the world's most famous comet. It is believed to be a periodic comet.
  • Space shuttles

    Space shuttles
    Space shuttles are different from spacecrafts because space shuttles are reused but space crafts are used only once. There are six space shuttles so far. the first one was the Columbia and the last was the STS-135. The space shuttle Challenger was different to the rest because 73 seconds after its lift-off, it broke apart killing 7 of the crew members.
  • Pluto

    The International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgraded the status of Pluto to that of a dwarf planet because it did not meet one of the criteria the IAU uses to define a full-sized planet - it “has not cleared its neighboring region of other objects.” Need more info? Click here
  • ISS

    ISS is a space station or a habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. It can also be classified as a science lab. NASA uses the station to learn about living and working in space. These lessons will help NASA explore space.