Space Exploration By tk19327 Jan 1, 1609 Galeleo and the First Refracting Telescope Galeleo created the first refracting telescope and looked into space. He seen many objects. Period: Jan 1, 1609 to Dec 31, 1957 Space Exploration 1605-1957 Jan 1, 1675 Speed of Light Measured Ole Romer measures the speed of light. Jan 1, 1687 Isaac Newton Invents 3 Laws of Motion Isaac Newton invented the three laws of motion. This later helps explain how a rocket moves. Jan 1, 1688 Isaac Newton Invents the Reflecting Telescope Isaac Newton invents the first reflecting telescope. He named it Newtonian telescope. Jan 1, 1801 Discovery of the First Asteroid A man named Piazzi discovers the first asteroid. Mar 16, 1926 First Liquid-Fueled Rocket Launched In Massachusetts Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket. Jan 1, 1937 First Radio Telescope Invented Grote Reber invents the first radio telescope. Jan 1, 1942 First Human-Made Obeject in Space Hermann Oberth created a V-2 missle and launched. It launched so high it left Earth and went into space, making it the first human-made object in space. Oct 4, 1957 First Satellite Launched Soviet Union launched the first satellite into space. They named it Sputnik 1. It orbited until 1958. Nov 3, 1957 Sputnik 2-First Animal in Space Soviet Union launche the secong satellite into space. (Sputnik 2). On the satellite they placed a dog named Laika. The dog did not survive. Period: Jan 1, 1958 to Jan 1, 1980 Space Exploration 1958-1980 Jan 31, 1958 First USA Satellite in Space The USA launches their first satellite into space, Explorer 1. Oct 1, 1958 Formation of NASA NASA is formed by Dwight D. Eisenhower because of Sputnik 1 that was launched by USSR. Jan 1, 1959 First Man-Made Object to Orbit the Sun Russia launched Luna 1 and wanted it to hit the Moon. It got thrown into space by the Moon gravity and orbited the Sun. Apr 12, 1961 First Man in Space USSR lanches Vostok 1 with Yuri A. Gargarin. He was the first man in space and orbited Earth once. May 5, 1961 First American in Space Alan Shepard was the first American in space and his flight only lasted 15 minutes. Feb 3, 1966 First Spacecraft on the Moon Soviet Luna 9 soft lands on the moon. Aug 14, 1966 First Picture of Earth from Space USA launches Lunar Orbiter 1 and it orbits the Moon. It takes the first picture of Earth from that distance in space. Oct 9, 1966 First American Spacecrat on the Moon Surveyor 1 softly landed on the moon 9 miles away from it's target. Jul 20, 1969 First Humans on the Moon Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first men on the Moon using Apollo 11. Jan 1, 1976 First Probes on Mars USA's Viking Probes land on Mars. Period: Jan 1, 1981 to Oct 9, 2014 Space Exploration 1981-Today Apr 12, 1981 Discovery America used Discovery to build the ISS (International Space Station). Discovery was used for many repairs also. Jun 19, 1983 First Female in Space USA sent the first woman into space. Her name was Sally K. Ride. Oct 3, 1985 Atlantis Atlantis was for a lot of different things but one use way to travel to the Kennedy Space Center. Jan 1, 1986 Challenger Space Shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after launch and kills all 7 passengers. One passenger was going to be the first teacher in space. Oct 9, 1990 Hubble Space Telescope America launches a space shuttle carrying the Edwin P. Hubble Space Telescope, it was a great invention but took blurry images. Jul 4, 1997 Pathfinder/Rovers/Mars/Sojournor America launches Pathfinder and it lands on Mars with the rover Sojournor. Sojournor explores Mars for over 80 days. Nov 20, 1998 International Space Station-ISS The USA amd 15 other countries are part of the involvment in the ISS, NASA being the center of it. Jan 1, 2011 Messenger America launched Messenger to orbit the closest planet to the Sun, Murcury. It did exactly that Jan 1, 2011 Largest Space Telescope in Orbit Russia launches Spektr-R known as the biggest space telescope to be in orbit. Oct 9, 2012 Skydiver Felix Baumgartner Felix Baumgartner goes 24 moles up and jumps from space.