Social Studies Timeline Our Government

  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Forced king John who was treating them harshly to sign a document Limited power of the monarch
    NO ONE above the law
    Everyone would get equal treatment under the law
    Trialled by ones peers
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Parliament

    King develops a group that represents common people called Parliament.
  • 1600-1700

    Accept common law
    No ruler is above the law
    Should have basic rights protected
    Should have voice in government
  • House of Burgesses (V/A)

    1st representatives / assembly in English Colonies
  • Mayflower compact

    Established direct democracy
  • John Locke

    English writer
    People are born free and equal and independent
    Born with natural rights to life, liberty and property that government that cannot take away
    People give up part of their freedom in exchange for protection of natural rights
  • Fundamental order of Connecticut

    1st written constitution in America Assembly of elected reps from town to make law Popular election of governor and judges
  • Massachusetts Body of Liberties

  • Enlightenment

    Locke and Montesquieu were Enlightenment thinkers
    Believed that God had created an orderly universe
    Laws of the Universe could be discovered through the use of human reason
    Law that governed nature also applied to human life and society
  • Pennsylvania Frame of Government and 1701 PA charter of privileges

    Establish basis of US constitution and bill of rights Colonist believed egalitarianism (equality) Part of this was the belief that colonist had all traditional rights of native English people
  • The Glorious Revolution

    Parliament removes King James III and replaces him with his daughter and her husband. From this time on, no ruler would have more power than parliament
  • Glorious Revolution

    Parliament removes King James III and replace him with his daughter From this time no ruler has more power than Parliament
  • English Bill of Rights

    Further restricted the power of Monarch Guaranteed free elections to Parliament Eliminated cruel and unusual punishments
  • Baron de Montesquieu

    Divided branches of government into different parts to make sure one part does not have too much power
  • Jean- Jacques Rousseau

    Wrote the social contract
    People alone have the right to determine how they should be governed
  • The 13 colonies established

    Each colony has a governor elected by colonists or appointed by the king
    Each had a legislature with rep. elected by free adult males
  • Mid 1700s

    Colonist are not feeling they had rights of Native English people because taxes and limitations placed They had self sufficient, representative government for 100+ years Not turning back or stopping now- we'll have to fight for our independence
  • Albany Plan of union

    First discussion of colonies for union against British government
  • Can't live on other side a Appalachian mountains

    They don't want to stir up the Native Americans
  • Stamp act

    Tax on all paper goods
  • Quartering act

    Colonist must provide barracks and supplies to British troops
  • Day stamp act

    Repealed and established declatory act- Parliament has the right to tax and to make decisions for American colonies in all classes
  • Townshed act

    Allowed British government officers to enter everywhere suspected of smuggling (because many colonist were doing that because of taxes and boycotting)
  • Boston Massacre

  • Tea Act

    British could ship tea to colonist without a tax making it cheaper to buy the colonial tea
  • Boston tea party

  • Philidalphia

    First continental congress- write to king George III- " We demand you to restore our rights as British citizens
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    First battle of American Revolution
  • Second continental congress meets

  • Thomas Paine " Common Sense"

    Moved many undecided colonist toward the belief that independence was the only course of action
  • Declaration of Independence

    Wrote list of complaints against the king Beliefs about right about independent rights Pulled from ideas of Locke and Montesquieu