Scientific Racism

Timeline created by Tbook1998
In History
  • 1,759 BCE

    Systema Naturae

    Systema Naturae
    Botanist Carl Linnaeus publishes the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, which is the first to fully describe the four races of man.
  • Period: to

    The facial angle and The 5 Human races

    Dutch naturalist Petrus Camper begins developing his facial angle formula basing his ideal angle on Grecian statues and 25 year later Anthropologist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach names the five races of man.
  • cranioscopy invented

    cranioscopy invented
    Franz Joseph Gall develops “cranioscopy,” which is later renamed phrenology by his disciple Johann Spurzheim cranioscopy is a technique to infer localization of function in the brain on the basis of the external anatomy of the skull or cranium.
  • Physiognomy

    Physiognomy
    American physician James W. Redfield writes Comparative Physiognomy, which equates each type of people with a specific animal.
  • Period: to

    Survival of the fittest and Social Darwinism

    Herbert Spencer coins the phrase “survival of the fittest” in developing his theories of social Darwinism. one year later a French anthropologist Paul Broca develops his “table chromatique” for classifying skin color.
  • The Jukes

    The Jukes
    Richard Dugdale publishes The Jukes, which links crime and heredity.
  • IQ test

    IQ test
    Alfred Binet invents the IQ test for measuring intelligence
  • MONKEY EXHIBIT

    MONKEY EXHIBIT
    Crowds came to the monkey house exhibit, which opened in 1906, to see man's "evolutionary ancestors," which included monkeys, chimpanzees, a gorilla named Dinah, an orangutan named Dohung and the pygmy Ota Benga.
  • Enviromental factors

    Enviromental factors
    Franz Boas publishes The Mind of Primitive Man arguing for the role of environmental factors in the apparent differences between races.
  • Human Genetics

    Human Genetics
    The Carnegie Institution of Washington orders an external scientific review of the ERO, and finds its records “unsatisfactory for the scientific study of human genetics.”
  • EXTERNAIL SCIENTIFIC REVIEW

    The Carnegie Institution of Washington orders an external scientific review of the ERO, and finds its records “unsatisfactory for the scientific study of human genetics.”
  • The American Anthropological Association issues a statement on race,

    The American Anthropological Association issues a statement on race,
    The American Anthropological Association issues a statement on race, concluding that contemporary science makes clear that human populations are not “unambiguous, clearly demarcated, biologically distinct groups.”