Jun 6, 1215
Magna CartaThe words "magna carta" are latin for "great charter". The Magna Carta was a document that was forcibly signed by King John in 1215, and the document promised that the king would rule his people fairly. The Barons made him sign this, in the atempt to keep him from abusing his powers.
JamestownKing James I signed a charter granting land to the Virginia Company of London in 1606. Colonists traveled to America in 1607 and called their settlement sight Jamestown. Over half of the colonists that settled there died of many causes.
Plymouth ColonyIn 1620, 102 settlers from England traveled across the ocean to America on a ship called The Mayflower. The settlers called their settlement Plymouth Rock and they had to ship goods such as lumber, fish and fur back to England for seven years until they could possess ownership of their land.
Mayflower compactThis was a written agreement of fair and equal laws for the good of settlement. These were the first written laws for the new world and all of the 41 adult male members aboard the Mayflower signed it.
Fundamental Orders of ConnecticutConnecticut developed their own government which contaied even more voting rights and soon this would become the first written constituion of the "New World."
mercantilismThe economic theory that for a nation to develop economic strength, it much export more than it imports. The American colonies sent raw materials to Britain. Britain took those raw materials and developed manufactured goods from them, and sent them back to the colonies.
Culpeper's RebellionA group of colonists from North Carolina, including their leader John Culpeper, complained that their tax money was being spent unfairly, so they rebelled against the government. The government then ran fine for abut two years and then proprieters in England gained control.
The Glorious RevolutionThe Glorious Revolution lasted from 1688-1689. Mary and her husband, William of Orange, replaced King James II, her father. The only blood shed during this time period was that of the king in his attempt to flee the castle and fell down the stairs, busting his nose.
The English Bill of RightsThis bill put strict rules and limits on the royal families "leagal prerogatives" like trying to dispose of parliament. This bill was written because the previous king , King James II, tried to overthrow and dispose of parliament.
The Salem Witch TrialsA daughter and a niece of a reverend, in Salem, Massachusetts were sick and had the village doctor diagnose them with bewitchment. The girls blamed several different people of the village and accused them of being witches. In the end, 19 men and women were killed for being accused of being witches.
First Great AwakeningA protestant revival that started the blossom of evangelicalism throughout the colonies.
French and Indian WarThis was a war fought between the French and the English of money and land.It was also known as the "seven years war". The war began in November 1753, and at the end of the war, the English recieved large amounts of land, but England and its colonies relationship became more distant.
Albany Plan of UnionThis was Benjamen Franklin's plan for establishing a common government. It was adopted by the convention but rejected by the legislature. This plan became the model for the Articles of Confederation.
Proclamation Line of 1763An agreement between the English and the Native Americans stating that no colonist could settle in terretories west of the Allegheny Mountains. Any colonist already living there had to leave. This proclamation line was established to try and keep peace between English and Native Americans.
Pontiac's RebellionThe Ottawa Indian tribe was angry with English politics existing in their region of the U.S. and decided to attack the English. Eight forts were destroyed and hundreds of colonists were either killed or captured.
The Stamp ActThe British Parliament passed the Stamp Act that required a small price to pay on every single piece of paper that was printed. The colony viewed this as just an attempt of England to raise money using them without their approval. Info: http://www.history.org/history/teaching/tchcrsta.cfm
Virginia ResolvesIn response to the Stamp Act, the House of Burgesses was persuaded by Patrick Henry to adopt resolutions to deny parliament's right to tax the colonies. After the House of Burgesses adopted these resolutions, many other colonial legislatures began doing the same.
Sons of LibertyThis was a secret society of men orginizedin Boston, lead by a man named Samuel Adams. Other members of the Sons of Liberty eventually began to spread out over the other colonies. These men dressed as Mohawk Indians and threw tea into the ocean during the Boston Tea Party.
The Townsend ActThe Townshend Act was named after a British Chancellor named Charles Townshend. The laws of this act taxed things like lead, paper, paints, glass, and even tea. The American colonies repealed all of the taxes except for the one on tea. Info:http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/wwww/us/townshendactsdef.htm
The Boston Massacre
Gaspee IncidentA man named John Brown led an attack on a ship called the Gaspee. He and his group of fifty five men attacked the ship, wounded its captain, captured the crew and burned the ship. INFO: http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/gaspee.htm
The Tea ActTea was shipped, ships being loaded with hundreds of thousands of pounds of tea, to American colonies to be sold. Most of the American colonies were angry about this, because only selected merchants were allowed to trade and sell tea. Governer of Boston, Thomas Hutchenson, had tea agent relatives. Thus, the Boston Tea Party was born.
Boston Tea PartyNovember 28th 1773, The Dartmouth arrived in Boston with a huge cargo of tea. Sam Adams, opposed the tea act, had several gatherings to protest the Tea Act. At one of these gatherings, the captain of the Dartmouth was asked to take his shipment of tea back. He was denied permission by the British because tax had not been paid. So Adams signaled 50 men who dressed up as Indians and opened 342 chests of tea and cast them into the ocean.
The Intolerable ActsThe Intolerable Acts were the combination of "The Coercive Acts" passed by parliament. The Intolerable acts helped blossom the colonies decision to create the First Continental Congress
First Continental CongressHouse of Burgesses proposed a continental congress, and the first continental congress was held on September 5, 1774. The purpose of the continental congress was to basicaly right the wrongs that had been inflicted upon the colonies.
Edenton Tea PartyPenelope Barker organized a group of 51 women in the town of Edenton, North Carolina. This group of women were women who fully supported "no taxation without representation"
The Second Continental Congress.A representative from each of the 13 colonies was sent to the Second Continental Congress. Their purpose was to discuss the idea of becoming indepentent and breaking away from England. By July 2nd, 1776, the SCC decided to declare independence.
Mecklenburg ResolvesThe Mecklenburg Committee adopted resolutions that basically said "we don't have to listen to Great Britain" and even though they voted on this, the resolutions were never presented to the Second Continental Congress.
Halifax ResolvesThe Instruction from the Fourth Provincial Congress in Halifax North Carolina to the Continental Congress to vote for Independence from Great Britain.
The Declaration of IndependenceDelegates from every state came together for a meeting of the Second Continental Congress to discuss the idea of declaring independence, on June 7, 1776. On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress decided to declare Independence. On July 4, 1776, the SCC signed the Declaration of Independence.
Articles of ConfederationThirteen articles of rules and regulations for the thirteen colonies about Congress. These articles were agreed to by every state and they all agreed to follow the rules of the articles and never go against them.
Treaty of ParisThe treaty of paris was a document declaring peace between the English and the French, both of them signed the peace treaty at the end of the French and Indian or the Seven Years War.
Land Ordinance of 1785An Ordinance passed by congress establishing a service to come and survey land located west of the Appalachian Mountains. The main purpose of creating this ordinance was to make more money through the sales of unmapped land.
Shays' RebellionDaniel Shays, and a large group of other farmers, rebelled against the government because of economic crisis. This was the first major armed rebellion that the U.S. had ever seen. But this time, instead of being mad at Britain, Massachusetts settlers were mad at Boston. The governer of Massachusetts eventually organized an army to take down, and demolish the rebellion.
Land Ordinance of 1787Framework passed by Congress to decide wich terretories in the western U.S. could be made into states. This was seen as one of the first steps leading up to the creation the Bill of Rights.
Constitutional conventionThe Constitutiona Convention consisted of 55 delegates representing every state except Rhode Island. They met in Pennsylvania on May 25, 1787 to discuss the Articles of Cofederation and whether to throw them out or not.
Whisky RebellionIn 1791 the federal government put a tax on whisky. In 1794, farmers from western pennsylvania engaged in a series of attacks on exise agents.
Federalist/Anti-Federalist PapersThe Federalist and Anti Federalist papers are essays written by both parties about why they approve or oppose the Constitution.
Commitees of CorrespondenceThis was an organization lead by Samuel Adams. It made up a system of communication between the colonies and the New England Patriot leaders and it opposed parliament.