Zenger TrialZenger was charged with libel which at the time meant that he printed things against the government.
Lawyer was the later first treasuerer Alexander Hamilton
Another reason why the people wanted to be free of Brittish control.
Seven Year's War BeginsSeven Years WarBetween Brittish and French
Fought over the American colonies
Leads to explusion of all French in the colonies
Brittish gained full control of the New World
George Washington fought a few battles against the French.
Albany CongressAlbany Congress People thought war with French was going to happen
Wanted to better relationshipsw with Indian Tribes
Iriquois took Brittish side in exchange for weapons and supplies.
Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's RebellionOccured in The Great Lakes area
Military stalemate; Native Americans concede British sovereignty but compel British policy changes
One of the earliest influences of the Revolution.
Treaty Of ParisTreaty Of ParisEnded Seven Year's War
Brittish was the leading power
Took Canada from France
Sugar ActSugar Act
Occured during depression
Brought down port economics a lot.
Angered the colonist
Made them want to succeed even more from Brittain
"No taxation without representation"
Stamp ActStamp Act
Everything that had a certain stamp was taxed on. Infuriated the colonies. Pushed more towards the Revolution,
Repeal Of Stamp ActRepeal Of Stamp Act
Protested by Ben Franklin
Americans boycotted until repealed
When repealed Parliament passed Decleratory Acts at the same time.
Declaratory ActDeclaratory Act
Says the colonies must be independant to the Crown
must follow everything Brittain says.
Boston MassacreBoston Massacre
While Brittish troops were marching through Boston, some colonists started throwing rocks at them and thus the troops killed them.
Colonist demanded removal of Brittish.
Started to rally a revolution.
Tea ActTea Act
Final spark to Boston revolution
Ships would be held with tea.
Leads to Boston Tea Party
Took away from merchants.
Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party
Sam Adams and a lof of colonist dressed up like Indians and threw the tea on the Dartmouth into the harbour.
70% drop in tea sales.
Angered Brittish. Started sterner actions.
Spread to other port cities.
Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts
Boston Port Act: Boston ports were closed until the Boston Tea Party was paid off
Massachussetts Goverment Act: Took away many self government abilities.
Administration Of Justice Act: Trials would be completed in England so it would be easier for Brittish accused to win the trial
Quartering Act: Brittish troops could stay in Colonial homes
Quebec Act: Expanded boundaries of Quebec to Brittish control.
First Continental CongressFirst Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia
first uniting of colonies
Agreed to meet again if greivences from Brittain were not stopped.
Lexington And ConcordLexington And Concord
Shot heard around the world.
Start of the Revolutionary War
When the Brittish marched from Boston to Concord for a weapons cache then to Lexington they were met with American troops at Lexington.
Second Continental CongressSecond Continental Congress
Started Congressional Army
Appointed George Washington as supremem commander
Start of American Government
Fort TiconderogaFort Ticonderoga
Benedict Arnold and Ethen Allen attacked Brittish troops while they were sleeping resulting in the capture of the fort. Gave the Continental Army much needed artillery in the war.
Battle Of Bunker HillBattle Of Bunker Hill
Brittish troops tried to sneak attack the colonists but instead the colonist had been working all night before the battle to be prapred and actually came out beating the Brittish causing a heavy casualties. General Howe was a key person in this battle.
Olive Brach PetitionOlive Branch Petition
Rejected Brittish policies
Wanted to bring traitors to justice as the Brittish said
Common SenseCommon Sense
Challenged authority of Brittain
Written in plain language to create a call of arms to independence of the common American people
Virginia Decleration Of RightsVirginia Decleration Of Rights
Heavily influenced Thomas Jefferson while he wrote the Decleration Of Independence
Drafted by George Mason
Also influenced The Bill Of Rights
Declaration Of IndependenceDeclaration Of Independence
Claimed independence from Brittain for the colonies
The biggest signer and writer was Thomas Jefferson
Battle Of Long IslandBattle Of Long Island
First Major Battle in the Revolutionary War
Largest Battle of the war
After realizing he couldn't hold the city, Washington moved his troops to Manhatten
Bill For Establishing Religious FreedomReligious Freedom Bill
Thomas Jefferson wrote.
Precursor to First Amendment
Took away dominence of Anglican church
Religious Freedom in the US
Battle Of SaratogaBattle Of Saratoga
Turning point in the war.
When Burgoyne surendered it brought the French into the war as as an American ally.
Valley ForgeValley Forge
Valley Forge, located in Pennsylvania, was a military camp site of American Continental Army during the 1777-1778 winter season. The teachings of Baron Friedrich von Steuben helped drill the American soldiers into being better soldiers.
Ratification Of The Articles Of ConfederationRatification Of The Articles Of Confederation
First US Constitution
Later proved not well enough because of Shay's Rebellion
Give most power to state governments.
Battle Of YorktownBattle Of Yorktown
Last battle of the war.
Cornwallis surrenders ending the Revolution.
Accounted as one of the most skillful military actions of history.
Treaty Of ParisTreaty Of Paris
Ended Revolutionary War
Signed by John Jay, John Adams and Ben Franklin
Established borders of the newly independent country
Land Ordinance Of 1785Land Ordinance Of 1785
Thomas Jefferson wanted to take lands west of the Appalchain mountains.
Divided the lands into 10 different states.
Northwest Ordinance Of 1787Northwest OrdinanceCreated the northwest territory which was the first group of unorganized land who later became Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin
George Washington InaugurationGeorge Washington Inaugaration
First US president
John Adams- Vice President
Administered in the New York Federal Hall