Roaring Twenties

  • The ModelT was created by Henry Ford

    The ModelT was created by Henry Ford
    The Model T car was created by Henry Ford in 1908. It was one of the first, well built automobiles. At first it cost $825 but after the perfection of the assemby line, the price dropped to about $250 and most average citizens could afford to buy one.
  • Gertrude Ederle

    Gertrude Ederle
    Gertrude Ederle was the first woman to swim the English channel in 1916 and beat the men's world record by 1hr and 59min. She also won severalOlympic medals.
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Sigmund Freud changed the ways of psychology. Freud believed that the mind was a complex energy system. Freuds most famous book Introduction to Psychoanalysis introduced people to the ways people's minds worked.
  • Duke Ellington

    Duke Ellington
    Duke Ellington was a famouse Jazz artist who began professionally playing in Washington D.C. in 1917. After his first unsuccessfull trip to New York he gathered some friends and went back in 1923 andwas the leader of the band named the Washingtonians and he played the piano.
  • The Red Scare

    The Red Scare
    The Red Scare came closely after the Bolshevik Revolution. This Scare consisted of a nation-wide fear of communsists, anarchists, socialists and dissidents following a series of anarchist bombings. Many civil liberties were ignored and innocent people were jailed for expressing their personal opinions.
  • Prohibition

    The 18th Amendment of the constitution was created to prohibit the production, sale and transportation of alcohol in America. However, keeping alcohol out of America was nearly imposible because there was an increases in smugglers and gangsters who controlled the flow of alcohol into the US. The amendment was later repealed in 1933.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in 1914. He was a public speaker and spoke across America and told African Americans to be proud of where they came from and to move back to Africa. In 1919 he founded the Black Star Line to provide transport back to Africa and was later arrested for mail fraud.
  • Charlie Chaplin

    Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie Chaplin was a British comedian who became a world wide star for his acting in silent films. He came to the US in 1910and was in many famouse movies such as "Sunnyside" and "A Day's Pleasure"which were released in 1919.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    The Volstead Act (also known as the National Prohibition Act) was enacted to enforce the 18th Amendment and to prohibit the manufacture and sales of intoxicating liquors. The act was vetoed by Woodrow Wilson and overridden by Congress on the same day in 1919.
  • The Jazz Age

    The Jazz Age
    In the 1920's everything seemed to drastically change. The people became more wild and did things just because they wanted. Radios were everywhere and people often listened to the new style of music called jazz and even silent movies were played with jazz songs. The imense jazz influence in this era made it known as the Jazz Age.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    Between 1920's and 1930's 750,000 African Americans migrated to the North to seek political gains in the more racially tolerant areas. In the Harlem section of Manhattan (3sq mi) nearly 175,00 African Americans lived there and made the town the largest consentration of black people in the world.
  • Palmer Raids

    Palmer Raids
    Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer conducted two raids of suspected anarchists and radicals. The Red Scare came from this as did the deportation of 500 immigrants. Many citizens were outraged by this
  • Election of Harding

    Election of Harding
    In 1920 Warren Harding was elected president (republican) and vowed to return the nation to"normalacy." after the war. He tried to surround himself with the best minds and made Charkes Evan Hughes the secretary of state, Andrew W. Mellon the secretary of the treasury and Herbert Hoover the secretary of commerce.
  • Washington Naval Conference

    Washington Naval Conference
    The world's greatest naval powers gathered in Washington to discuss the disarmament of naval powers and to attempt to relieve growing tensions in Asia. Three treaties emerged from this conference.
  • Four-Power Treaty

    Four-Power Treaty
    Signed by the U.S., Britain, France and Japan, the Four-Power Naval Treaty stated that all four countries must consult one another before taking action if any conflicts in East Asia were to come up. This treaty replaced the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of 1902. By replacing that treaty the countries involved ensured that none would be obligated to engage in a conflict, but there would be discussions if one emerged.
  • Five-Power Treaty

    Five-Power Treaty
    Signed by the U.S., Great Britain, Japan, France and Italy; it called for each of the countries involved to maintain a set ratio of warship tonnage. Although regarded as a success, there was much controversy over regarding major nations as powerful forces in the Pacific, but refused any more expansion.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    Albert B. Fall, the Senator in 1921, convinced the Secretary of the Navy to hand the oil conservation process over to himself. Fall used this new power to go against the conservation and sell the private oil fields even though that was not his appointed job or the process that was supposed to occur with these oil fields. This Scandal came to be a symbol of corruption in American politics.
  • Fordney McCumbers Tariff

    Fordney McCumbers Tariff
    This tariff called for raising the tariff rates to the highest they had ever been. This tariff also introduced the the use of the “American selling price” as a means to increase the protective nature of the tariff without raising rates further. In addition, the president board was also granted powers to raise or lower tariffs by as much as 50% on items reccomended by the Tariff Commission.
  • Adkins vs. Children's Hospital

    Adkins vs. Children's Hospital
    This Supreme Court case invalidated a board set up by Congress to establish a minimum wage for women workers in D.C. This was soon reversed to accomodate for the 5th Amendment.
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924

    Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924
    The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 limited the number of immigrants allowed to enter the U.S. to 3% of the foreign-born population.The Immigration Act limited the number of immigrants allowed to enter the United States by use of another quota. The quota provided immigration visas to two percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the United States as of the 1890 national census. It completely excluded immigrants from Asia.
  • Dawes Plan

    Dawes Plan
    Charels G. Dawes proposed a plan to deal with Germany's economic issues and to decide how Germany would pay back the money owed after the war. One of the main points included removing French and Belgium troops from Germany and reconstructing Weimar's National Bank.
  • The Election of Coolidge

    The Election of Coolidge
    Calvin Coolidge was vice president when presidend Harding died and was silent and seldomly spoke in Office which is how he gained the nickname "silent Cal." In 1924 Calvin was elected for a second term as president and had to deal with issues such as the KKK, and tax reduction.
  • Bonus Army

    Bonus Army
    Congress decided to give a bonus to WWI war veterans and the verterans would be given the money in 1945. In the 1930's during the great depression many verterans protested for their money earlier because of the economic problems and large groups would picket in front of tthe white house and were given the name Bonus Army.
  • Flappers

    The term "flapper" was used to describe young women who smoked, drank, danced and voted. These women changed America by not waiting around for a man to make them a wife. These women decided to "enjoy life" and have fun while they could.
  • The Scopes Trial

    The Scopes Trial
    John T. Scopes broke the Butler law which stated no school teacer could teach evelution. He was arrested and Clarence Darrow was his defender. William Jannings Bryan was his special prosecuter and during the trial admitted that the Bible was not literal. Darrow thought he won the case but was proven wrong and Scopes had to pay $100. Later that year the conivtion was overturned on a technicallity.
  • The Lost Generation and The Great Gatsby

    The Lost Generation and The Great Gatsby
    The Lost Generation was a new group of authors who depicted a sense of moral loss or aimlessness in America through their writings. Among these stories was The Great Gatsby, a novel that hides the sad lonlieness within the illusion of happiness among the characters.
  • KKK/Birth of a Nation

    KKK/Birth of a Nation
    The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a highly controversial organization. August 8, 1926 marked a point in time when the KKK was at its peak number of memebers. The march on Washington demonstrated the public acceptance of the KKK and it’s views. The photo play "The Birth of a Nation" helped make people less accepting of the KKK and what they stood for. "The Birth of a Nation" showed people the horrifying facts of what the KKK did and made Americans lose their support for the KKK.
  • Charles Lindbergh

    Charles Lindbergh
    Charels Lindbergh made the first solo flight across the Atlantic in 1927 and was nicknamed the "Lone Eagle" and "Lucky Lindy". Many Europeans and Americans idolized him.
  • Sacco and Venzetti Case

    Sacco and Venzetti Case
    The case of Sacco and Venzetti was highly disputed in America in the 1920s. Ferdinando Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, anarchists in America, were convicted of involvment in the murders of 2 men during an armed robbery. Many believe the 2 were innocent, many believe they were guilty.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    This Pact was created to outlaw war. The countries involved (France, the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Belgium, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Italy and Japan) signed with hopes that another World War would never occur, but it had little effect in stopping the growing militarism in the world and it failed to prevent World War II.
  • Election of Hoover

    Herbert Hoover (Republican) ran against Alfred Smith (Democrat) in 1928. Religion and Prohibition were big campaign issues at the time and Hoover was for Prohibition while Smith was against it. Smith also ran as a Catholic and the nation was not ready for a Catholic president and so Herbert Hoover won the election.
  • Al Capone

    Al Capone
    Al Capone was an infamous mobster who killed many. On Valentine's Day, 1929, his most notorious killing occured. Although he was behind several murders, Capone was arrested for tax evasion. Capone represents the collapse of law and order in the United States in 1920's.
  • Hawley Smoot Tariff

    Hawley Smoot Tariff
    The Hawley Smoot Tariff Act raised tariffs to extremely high levels to protect farmers against agriculteral imports. After WWI European nations had an increased agriculteral production and Herbert Hoover pledged to create a tariff to protect American farmers from it. Thus, the Hawley Smoot Tariff Act was created.
  • Hoover-Stimson Doctrine

    Hoover-Stimson Doctrine
    The Hoover-Stimson Doctrine said that the United States would not recognize any territorial acquisitions that were taken over by force. (This doctrine is related to Japanese aggression in Manchuria in 1931)
  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation

    Reconstruction Finance Corporation
    The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was created by the administration of Herbert Hoover. It's purpose was to increase economic activity by lending money during the depression. At first it only lent money to finacial, economic, and agriculteral institutions but after the New Deal its financial aid expanded to other organizasions.
  • Nine-Power Treaty

    Nine-Power Treaty
    Signed by the United States, Britain, Japan, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal and China; the Nine-Power Naval Treaty decided that the territorial integrity of China would be respected. This treaty affirmed equal importance of all the nations doing business in the country.