indirect tax ( out of sight = out of mind)
Duties on molasses and sugar.
The Stamp Act
Tax on all paper products
official stamps/seals on all paper items (proof tax was paid)
Purchased only with valuables silver coins
if you don't purchase = fined or jail
Protested stamp act, feeling rights were violated
Direct Tax In your face tax
Parliament declares it has power to make laws for colonies "in all cases whatsoever".
Parliament passes this to save faces.
The Townshend act
Taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
Searched for smuggled goods
Sons of Liberty start to do violent acts
British soldiers arrive to protect tax collecters
Soldiers strike colonists.
Crowds gather and hassle soldiers, throwing snowballs and shouting insults.
More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry.
"Fire if you dare"
Boston Tea Party
Members of sons of liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
"The Boston Harbor Is A Teapot Tonight!"
Caused problems for loyalist/Tories
loyalist/troy = a person in the colony who remains "loyal" To the King and Great Britain.
Continental Congress Meets
all colonies but Georgia have representatives.
voted to send a "statement of grievances".
Voted to boycott all British Trade.
Patrick Henry - VA rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain.
1,000's of Redcoats in Boston
General Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way
Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere
Paul Revere rides to warn the Sons Of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that the "British are coming... The British are coming...".
Battles Of Lexington And Concord
Battle of Lexington
1st battle of American Revolutionary War
"shot heard around the world" -Ralph Waldo Emerson
Battle Of Concord
Americans Stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
Capture Of Fort Ticonderoga
Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen capture the fort
Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
Second Continental Congress Meet
Set up post offices
created continental army led by George Washington
Sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
king hires 30,000 hessian soldiers in response
Battle Of Bunker Hill
Fought on Breed's Hill
"Don't Fire until you see the whites of their eyes' -William Prescott
BRITISH Victory (Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy.
Washington arrives on the outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
Realizes men are disorganized and need discipline
"Common Sense" published by Thomas Paine
Pamphlet inspires more colonists to become patriots.
"Every thing that is right or reasonable Pleads for separation. The Blood of the slain, The weeping voices of nature cries, 'TIS TIME TO PART" - Thomas Paine, Common sense
British surrender Boston
Washington believes his army is ready and weapons arrive.
Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston.
BRITISH RETREAT - AMERICAN VICTORY
Second Continental congress meets again
Debate on declaring independence.
Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document.
Second continental Congress votes for independence
Second Continental congress votes for independence