In 1401, Ghiberti Wins the Right to Sculpt the Northern Doors of The Baptistry Ghiberti is commissioned and takes 28 years to sculpt the bronze doors of the Florentine church. The doors remain one of the most valued treasures of the Renaissance
Jan 1, 1450
Francesco Sforza takes power in Milan.
Jan 1, 1453
Ottoman conquest of Constantinople
many Greek thinkers and works travel westward; end of Hundred Years War: stability returns to north-west Europe.
Jan 1, 1469
Lorenzo de Medici
Lorenzo de Medici, “The Magnificent”, takes power in Florence; his rule is considered the high point of the Florentine Renaissance.
Jan 1, 1472
Built by Leon Battista Alberti who turned his attention to the traditional Latin cross plan and applied a combination of a temple front and a triumphal arch to the facade.
Alberti not only produced a new facad design but abandoned the nave-and-aisles type of basilica church which Brunelleschi had used, turning instead to a Latin cross form with a barrel-vaulted nave and a series of alternating chapels and supports on either side.
Jan 1, 1485
Birth of Venus
Alessandro Botticelli’s “Birth of Venus” (1485), the goddess Venus [or Aphrodite as she is known in Greek mythology] emerges from the sea upon a shell in accordance with the myth that explains her birth.
Jan 1, 1492
Allegory of Spring
Sandro Botticelli’s . “Allegory of Spring” 1482 the painting is described according to Botticelli, Primavera (1998), "one of the most written about, and most controversial paintings in the world." While most critics agree that the painting, depicting a group of mythological figures in a g
Sep 26, 1494
Pacioli: Everything About Arithmetic, Geometry and Proportion.
Sep 26, 1498
This famous work of art by Michelangelo Buonarroti, depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion.
Jan 1, 1501
Because of the nature of the hero that it represented, it soon came to symbolize the defense of civil liberties embodied in the Florentine Republic, an independent city-state threatened on all sides by more powerful rival states and by the hegemony of the Medici family. The eyes of David, with a warning glare, were turned towards Rome.
Jan 1, 1513
The Sistine Madonna
was painted by Raphae on an altar in the Benedictine monastery church of San Sisto, the holy Sistine, in Piacenza northern Italy
Jan 1, 1519
Leonardo da Vinci Dies
Leonardo, perhaps the most remarkable individual of the Renaissance, dies in France, having established himself as a painter, sculptor, engineer, and scientist.
Jan 1, 1528
Palace of Fontainebleau
is one of the largest French royal "power houses"
Saint Peter's Basilica
Saint Peter's Basilica has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world.
Don Quixote is considered the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon. As a founding work of modern Western literature, and one of the earliest canonical novels, it regularly appears high on lists of the greatest works of fiction ever published. In one such list, Don Quixote was cited as the "best literary work ever written".