Public Policy Timeline

  • Sputnik and the National Defense Education Act

    Federal involvement in education funding (especially math and science)
    Science curricula development (BSCS)
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Funding (from ESEA) for education programs for disadvantaged students to support equity in education. Funds distrubuted based primarily on low-income students.
    Federal involvement questioned because education is states' right; justified by civil rights legislation and "spending clause" in Constitution
  • "Reclaiming our Nation at Risk" Report

    United States education system was not keeping pace with the progress of other nations. Children's opportunities and U.S. economic future was threatened.
    No Child Left Behind Act (2001) instated to "measure and report on restults in terms of standards and accountability."
  • Improving America's Schools Act & Goals 2000: Educate America Act (

    Required state academic-content standards and tests.
    Provided federal funds to aid states in writing content standards.
  • ESEA Reauthorization: "No Child Left Behind"

    Required reading and math content standards and tests at a minimum in grades 3–8 and once in high school.
    Most funds in Title 1 for education support for disadvantaged students
    ~10% of public education costs funded by federal government (mainly by NCLB)
  • ESEA Fails to be Reauthorized

    Legislation continues "as is" until reauthorized (continues until present time)
    Department of Education makes some adjustments in legislation without Congressional approval (see following events)
  • Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing & Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future Report

    Claims that U.S. is not training enough scientists
    One of several reports, but also disputed by other reports
  • Race to the Top Grant Competition

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)
    Department of Education is given money to distribute via a grant program (three phases: 2009, 2010, 2011)
    Reforms include: design and implementation of standards and assessments; attracting and keeping teachers and leaders in classrooms; supporting data systems to improve instruction; turning-around struggling schools; collaboration among educations, businesses, and other stakeholders
  • ESEA Reauthorization: A Blueprint for Reform

    Department of EducationObama Administration proposals for changing NCLB
    Proposed by executive branch, passed by Congress; Congress may be in disagreement with executive branch
  • Illinois Adoption of Common Core Standards

    Incorporation of new standards for math and English language arts into the existing standards system (created by a large coalition of states)
  • Illinois Performance Evaluation Reform Act & 2011 Senate Bill 7

    Requires and establishes guidelines for performance evaluation of Illinois public school teachers and administrators
  • Illinois Public Act 96-0107 Illinois Longitudinal Data System Project

    Research and program assessment based on educational outcomes by linking program data, teacher evaluation data, and student achievement.
  • Illinois Public Act 97-0607 (SB1799) Education Certification and Licensure

    Reconfiguration and strengthenging of Illinois education licensure system; includes new standards and assessments for pre-service teachers
  • Illinois Public Act 97-0152 (Revised) Charter School Law

    Allows more charter schools in Illinois
    Creation of State Charter School Commission: independent state agency with statewide chartering jurisdiction
  • NCLB Waivers/Flexibility

    States can request flexibility related to: the 2013–2014 Timeline for Achieving 100 Percent Proficiency; District and School Improvement and Accountability Requirements; the Use of Federal Education Funds
    In order to receive the waiver/flexibility, states must:
    Transition to College- and Career-Ready Standards and Assessments; Develop Systems of Differentiated Recognition, Accountability, and Support; Evaluate and Support Teacher and Principal Effectiveness
  • Illinois Flexibility Request Submitted

    Grant results unknown