Progressive Era

  • Period: to

    American Civil War

    The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America.
  • • 13th Amendment

    •	13th Amendment
    abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
  • Period: to

    Reconstruction

    The Reconstruction era, the period in American history that lasted from 1865 to 1877 following the American Civil War, marked a significant chapter in the history of civil rights in the United States.
  • • 14th Amendment

    •	14th Amendment
    The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
  • • 15th Amendment

    •	15th Amendment
    the federal government and each state from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • • Jim Crow Laws Start in South

    •	Jim Crow Laws Start in South
    Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States
  • • Chicago’s Hull House

    •	Chicago’s Hull House
    Hull House was a settlement house in Chicago, Illinois, United States that was co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. Located on the Near West Side of the city, Hull House opened to serve recently arrived European immigrants. By 1911, Hull House had expanded to 13 buildings.
  • • How the Other Half Lives

    •	How the Other Half Lives
    pioneering work of photojournalism by Jacob Riis, documenting the squalid living conditions in New York City slums in the 1880s.
  • Influence of Sea Power Upon History

    	Influence of Sea Power Upon History
    a history of naval warfare published in 1890 by Alfred Thayer Mahan.
  • Period: to

    Progressive Era

    The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned the 1890s to the 1920s.
  • Period: to

    imperialism

    Imperialism is a policy or ideology of extending the rule or authority of a country over peoples and other countries, for extending political and economic access, power and control, through employing hard power especially military force, but also soft power.
  • • Plessy v. Ferguson

    •	Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
  • annexation of hawaii

    annexation of hawaii
    On July 12, 1898, the Joint Resolution passed and the Hawaiian islands were officially annexed by the United States. The Hawaiian islands had a well-established culture and long history of self-governance when Captain James Cook, the first European explorer to set foot on Hawaii, landed in 1778.
  • Spanish American War

    	Spanish American War
    The Spanish–American War was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana Harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
  • open door policy

    open door policy
    The Open Door Policy is a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
  • Assassination of President McKinley

    	Assassination of President McKinley
    William McKinley was the 25th president of the United States from 1897, until his assassination in 1901.
  • Period: to

    theodore roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr., often referred to as Teddy Roosevelt or his initials T. R., was an American statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian and writer, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
  • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins

    	Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins
    the United States commenced building a canal across a 50-mile stretch of the Panama isthmus in 1904. Opened in 1914, oversight of the world-famous Panama Canal was transferred from the U.S. to Panama in 1999
  • • The Jungle

    •	The Jungle
    The Jungle is a 1906 novel by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair.
  • • Pure Food and Drug Act

    •	Pure Food and Drug Act
    The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was the first of a series of significant consumer protection laws which was enacted by Congress in the 20th century and led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration.
  • Model-T

    	Model-T
    The Model T is Ford's universal car that put the world on wheels. The Model T was introduced to the world in 1908. Henry Ford wanted the Model T to be affordable, simple to operate, and durable. ... The Model T was manufactured on the Ford Motor Company's moving assembly line at Ford's revolutionary Highland Park Plant.
  • NAACP

    NAACP
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington, Moorfield Storey and Ida B. Wells.
  • Period: to

    william howard taft

    William Howard Taft was the 27th president of the United States and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States, the only person to have held both offices.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution allows Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states on the basis of population. It was passed by Congress in 1909 in response to the 1895 Supreme Court case of Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co.
  • federal reserve act

    federal reserve act
    The Federal Reserve Act was passed by the 63rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on December 23, 1913.
  • Period: to

    thomas woodrow

    Thomas Woodrow Wilson was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921. A member of the Democratic Party, Wilson served as the president of Princeton University and as the 34th governor of New Jersey before winning the 1912 presidential election.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    The Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution established the popular election of United States senators in each state. The amendment supersedes Article I, §3, Clauses 1 and 2 of the Constitution, under which senators were elected by state legislatures
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    	Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria was the heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
  • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

    	Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns
    weapons used in the trench warfare
  • Period: to

    World War I

    World War I was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
  • • Sinking of the Lusitania

    •	Sinking of the Lusitania
    The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on Friday, 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of Germany.
  • national parks system

    national parks system
    agency of the federal government of the United States that manages all national parks
  • • Zimmerman Telegram

    •	Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmermann Telegram was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico. If the United States entered World War I against Germany, Mexico would recover Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
  • Russian Revolution

    	Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social revolution across the territory of the Russian Empire, commencing with the abolition of the monarchy in 1917 and concluding in 1923 with the Bolshevik establishment of the Soviet Union at the end of the Civil War.
  • U.S. entry into WWI

    	U.S. entry into WWI
    U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917. On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany.
  • Battle of Argonne Forest

    	Battle of Argonne Forest
    The Meuse–Argonne offensive was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice of November 11, 1918, a total of 47 days.
  • Armistice

    	Armistice
    Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France at 5:45 am
  • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

    	Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
    The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918, speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    	Treaty of Versailles
    the Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers
  • 18th Amendment

    	18th Amendment
    The Eighteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution established the prohibition of alcohol in the United States. The amendment was proposed by Congress on December 18, 1917, and was ratified by the requisite number of states on January 16, 1919.
  • 19 amendment

    19 amendment
    The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
  • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy

    	President Harding’s Return to Normalcy
    Return to normalcy, referring to a return to the way of life before World War I, was United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's promise was to restore the United States' pre-war mentality, without the thought of war tainting the minds of the American people.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    	Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion centered in Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, spanning the 1920s. At the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after The New Negro, a 1925 anthology edited by Alain Locke
  • Red Scare

    	Red Scare
    A Red Scare is the promotion of a widespread fear of a potential rise of communism or anarchism by a society or state. The name refers to the red flags that the communists use. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States which are referred to by this name
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    The Roaring Twenties refers to the decade of the 1920s in Western society and Western culture. It was a period of economic prosperity with a distinctive cultural edge in the United States and Europe, particularly in major cities such as Berlin, Chicago, London, Los Angeles, New York City, Paris, and Sydney
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    	Teapot Dome Scandal
    The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery scandal involving the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding from 1921 to 1923
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    	Teapot Dome Scandal
    The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery scandal involving the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding from 1921 to 1923
  • joseph stalin leads ussr

    joseph stalin leads ussr
    Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin
  • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    	Scopes “Monkey” Trial
    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial
  • charles linberghs trans

    charles linberghs trans
    As Charles Lindbergh piloted the Spirit of St. Louis down the dirt runway of Roosevelt Field in New York on May 20, 1927
  • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

    St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
    The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre was the 1929 murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang that occurred on Saint Valentine's Day. The men were gathered at a Lincoln Park garage on the morning of that feast day
  • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday”

    	Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday”
    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Great Crash, was a major American stock market crash that occurred in the fall of 1929. It started in September and ended late in October, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasting from 1929 to 1939. It began after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.
  • Hoovervilles

    	Hoovervilles
    A "Hooverville" was a shanty town built during the Great Depression by the homeless in the United States.
  • Smoot-Hawley Tariff

    	Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    The Tariff Act of 1930, commonly known as the Smoot–Hawley Tariff or Hawley–Smoot Tariff, was a law that implemented protectionist trade policies in the United States.
  • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

    	100, 000 Banks Have Failed
    Since the creation of the FDIC, the federal government has insured bank deposits up to $250,000 in the U.S. and the great depression
  • Agriculture Adjustment Administration

    Agriculture Adjustment Administration
    The Agricultural Adjustment Act was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    	Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is an independent federal agency insuring deposits in U.S. banks and thrifts in the event of bank failures.
  • Public Works Administration

    	Public Works Administration
    ublic Works Administration, part of the New Deal of 1933, was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes.
  • Period: to

    new deal programs

    the New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D.
  • Period: to

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    ranklin Delano Roosevelt, often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945
  • Dust Bowl

    	Dust Bowl
    The Dust Bowl was the name given to the drought-stricken Southern Plains region of the United States, which suffered severe dust storms during a dry period in the 1930s.
  • Social Security Administration

    	Social Security Administration
    The United States Social Security Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivor benefits.
  • GI Bill

    	GI Bill
    GI Bill benefits help you pay for college, graduate school, and training programs. Since 1944, the GI Bill has helped qualifying Veterans and their family members get money to cover all or some of the costs for school or training.
  • United Nations (UN) Formed

    	United Nations (UN) Formed
    The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
  • Germany Divided

    	Germany Divided
    Great Britain in the northwest, France in the southwest, the United States in the south and the Soviet Union in the east. Berlin, the capital city situated in Soviet territory, was also divided into four occupied zones
  • Period: to

    Baby Boom

  • Truman Doctrine

    	Truman Doctrine
    he Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy the stated purpose of which was to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War
  • • 22nd Amendment

  • Period: to

    the cold war

  • Marshall Plan

    	Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was an American initiative passed in 1948 for foreign aid to Western Europe. The United States transferred over $12 billion in economic recovery programs to Western European economies after the end of World War II
  • Berlin Airlift

    	Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control
  • • Arab-Israeli War Begins

    •	Arab-Israeli War Begins
    Fighting began with attacks by irregular bands of Palestinian Arabs attached to local units of the Arab Liberation Army composed of volunteers from Palestine and neighboring Arab countries.
  • NATO Formed

    	NATO Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 European and North American countries.
  • Kim Il-sung invades South Korea

    Kim Il-sung invades South Korea
    Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea in 1950, triggering an intervention in defense of South Korea by the United Nations led by the United States. Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953.
  • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China

    UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China
    South Korean troops reach the Yalu River, the natural border separating North Korea from China. Most of North Korea is now under UN control.
  • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War

    	Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War
    China desperately needed the economic and military aid promised by the Soviets.
  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Period: to

    1950s Prosperity

  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution

    	Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution
    Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were American citizens who were convicted of spying on behalf of the Soviet Union
  • Armistice Signed

    	Armistice Signed
    The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice signed at Le Francport near Compiègne that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I
  • Period: to

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • • Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel

    •	Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel
    The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years, with France's war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States.
  • • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam

    •	Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam
    • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam
    Ho Chi Minh led a long and ultimately successful campaign to make Vietnam independent.
  • warsaw pact formed

    warsaw pact formed
    he Warsaw Treaty Organization, officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact
  • Polio Vaccine created by Jonas Salk

    	Polio Vaccine created by Jonas Salk
    Jonas Salk announces polio vaccine. On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.
  • • Rosa Parks Arrested

    •	Rosa Parks Arrested
    rosa parks was arrested
  • • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    •	Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The Montgomery bus boycott was a political and a social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama
  • Interstate Highway Act

    	Interstate Highway Act
    the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act, was enacted on June 29, 1956, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law
  • Elvis Presley First Hit Song

    	Elvis Presley First Hit Song
    On January 27, 1956, the first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel" b/w "I Was the One" was released, giving Elvis a nationwide breakthrough.
  • Sputnik I

    	Sputnik I
    Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite.
  • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV

    	Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV
    leave It to Beaver ran for six full 39-week seasons (234 episodes). The series had its debut on CBS on October 4, 1957. The following season, it moved to ABC, where it stayed until completing its run on June 20, 1963.
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1957
    1957, President Eisenhower sent Congress a proposal for civil rights legislation. The new act established the Civil Rights Section of the Justice Department and empowered federal prosecutors to obtain court injunctions against interference with the right to vote
  • • Little Rock Nine

    •	Little Rock Nine
    The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.
  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate

    •	Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate
    During the 1960 debates between the two candidates, Americans for the first time could tune in and watch the debates on television, or listen on the radio. ... The story has it that those Americans who tuned in over the radio believed the two candidates were evenly matched, but tended to think Nixon had won the debates
  • • Chicano Mural Movement Begins

    •	Chicano Mural Movement Begins
    The Chicano Mural Movement was established in the late 1960's throughout the Southwest in Mexican-American barrios. Artists depicted Mexican-American culture art by painting on the walls of city buildings, schools, churches and housing projects
  • • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    •	Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolutio
  • Peace Corps Formed

    Peace Corps Formed
    The Peace Corps is an independent agency and volunteer program run by the United States Government providing international social and economic development assistance.
  • • Affirmative Action

    •	Affirmative Action
    Affirmative action refers to a set of policies and practices within a government or organization seeking to increase the representation of particular groups based on their gender, race, sexuality, creed or nationality
  • Period: to

    John F. Kennedy

    an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.
  • • Cuban Missile Crisis

    •	Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis
  • • Sam Walton Opens First Walmart

  • • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas

    •	Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas
    John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
  • • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance

    •	George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance
    George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, in a symbolic attempt to keep his inaugural promise of "segregation now, segregation tomorrow
  • • The Feminine Mystique

    •	The Feminine Mystique
    The Feminine Mystique is a book by Betty Friedan that is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
  • • March on Washington

    •	March on Washington
    the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, also known as the March on Washington or The Great March on Washington, was held in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963.
  • Period: to

    Lyndon B. Johnson

    an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969, and previously as 37th vice president from 1961 to 1963
  • • The Great Society

    •	The Great Society
    The main goal was the total elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, rural poverty, and transportation were launched during this period.
  • • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    •	Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
  • • 24th Amendment

    •	24th Amendment
    The Twenty-fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
  • • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins

    •	Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins
    The history of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948.
  • • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    •	Voting Rights Act of 1965
    This act was signed into law on August 6, 1965, by President Lyndon Johnson. It outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting.
  • • Malcom X Assassinated

    •	Malcom X Assassinated
    Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.
  • • United Farm Worker’s California Delano Grape Strike

    •	United Farm Worker’s California Delano Grape Strike
    On September 8, 1965, Filipino farm workers organized as the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) decided to strike against grape growers in Delano, California, to protest years of poor pay and working conditions.
  • • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court

    •	Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court
    On June 13, 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated distinguished civil rights lawyer Thurgood Marshall to be the first African American justice to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States
  • • Six Day War

  • • Tet Offensive

    •	Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive of 1968, or officially called The General Offensive and Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968 was a major escalation and one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War
  • • My Lai Massacre

    •	My Lai Massacre
    The Mỹ Lai massacre was the Vietnam War mass murder of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by U.S. troops in Sơn Tịnh District, South Vietnam, on March 16, 1968
  • • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

    •	Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated
    Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the American civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968.
  • • Vietnamization

    •	Vietnamization
    the US policy of withdrawing its troops and transferring the responsibility and direction of the war effort to the government of South Vietnam.
  • • Woodstock Music Festival

    •	Woodstock Music Festival
    Woodstock was a music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, 40 miles southwest of Woodstock. Billed as "an Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music" and alternatively referred to as the Woodstock Rock Festival, it attracted an audience of more than 400,000
  • • Draft Lottery

    •	Draft Lottery
    The NBA draft lottery is an annual event held by the National Basketball Association, in which the teams who had missed the playoffs the previous year participate in a lottery process to determine the draft order in the NBA draft. The NBA Draft lottery started in 1985.
  • • Manson Family Murders

    •	Manson Family Murders
    Tate murders, the shocking and grisly murders of actress Sharon Tate and four other people by followers of cult leader Charles Manson on the night of August 8–9, 1969, in Los Angeles. Two more people were killed on August 10.
  • • Apollo 11

    •	Apollo 11
    Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin formed the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC
  • Period: to

    Richard Nixon

    Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974.
  • • Invasion of Cambodia

    •	Invasion of Cambodia
    The Cambodian campaign was a brief series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia, which was officially a neutral country, in 1970 by South Vietnam and the United States as an extension of the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
  • • Kent State Shootings

    •	Kent State Shootings
    The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre, were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970 in Kent, Ohio, 40 miles south of Cleveland
  • • Environmental Protection Agency

    •	Environmental Protection Agency
    The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters.
  • pentagon Papers

    pentagon Papers
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967
  • • 26th Amendment

    •	26th Amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age
  • • Policy of Détente Begins

    •	Policy of Détente Begins
    The Nixon administration promoted greater dialogue with the Soviet government, including regular summit meetings and negotiations over arms control and other bilateral agreements.
  • Period: to

    Jimmy Carter

    James Earl Carter Jr. is an American politician, businessman, and philanthropist who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981
  • • Title IX

    •	Title IX
    Title IX is a federal civil rights law in the United States of America that was passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972.
  • • Nixon Visits Communist China

    •	Nixon Visits Communist China
    It opened the way for China's entry into the United Nations and trade with the United States. The cartoon on the right was published in May 1973
  • • Watergate Scandal

  • • War Powers Resolution

    •	War Powers Resolution
    The War Powers Resolution is a federal law intended to check the U.S. president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress. The resolution was adopted in the form of a United States congressional joint resolution
  • • Roe v. Wade

    •	Roe v. Wade
    Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction.
  • • Engangered Species Act

    •	Engangered Species Act
    The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 is a key legislation for both domestic and international conservation.
  • • OPEC Oil Embargo

  • • First Cell-Phones

  • • United States v. Nixon

  • • Ford Pardons Nixon

  • Period: to

    Gerald Ford

  • • Fall of Saigon

    •	Fall of Saigon
    The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975
  • • Bill Gates Starts Microsoft

  • • National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins

  • • Steve Jobs Starts Apple

  • • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977

    •	Community Reinvestment Act of 1977
    The Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), enacted in 1977, requires the Federal Reserve and other federal banking regulators to encourage financial institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities
  • • Camp David Accords

  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis

  • • Conservative Resurgence

    •	Conservative Resurgence
    Beginning in 1979, the Southern Baptist Convention experienced an intense struggle for control of the organization
  • • “Trickle Down Economics”

  • • War on Drugs

  • • AIDS Epidemic

  • • Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court

  • Period: to

    Ronald Reagan

    Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989
  • Period: to

    Ronald Reagan

    Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989 and became a highly influential voice of modern conservatism.
  • • Marines in Lebanon

  • • Iran-Contra Affair

  • • The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs

  • • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”

    •	“Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”
    "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall", also known as the Berlin Wall Speech, was a speech delivered by United States President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin on June 12, 1987
  • • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”

    •	“Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”
    "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall", also known as the Berlin Wall Speech, was a speech delivered by United States President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin on June 12, 1987
  • • End of Cold War

    •	End of Cold War
    During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe.
  • • End of Cold War

    •	End of Cold War
    The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II
  • • Rodney King

    •	Rodney King
    Rodney Glen King was an American activist.
  • Period: to

    Bill Clinton

    William Jefferson Clinton is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001
  • • Contract with America

    •	Contract with America
    The Contract with America was a legislative agenda advocated for by the Republican Party during the 1994 congressional election campaign.
  • • O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century”

    •	O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century”
    murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald "Ron" Goldman, who were stabbed to death outside Brown's condominium in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
  • Bill Clinton’s Impeachment

    Bill Clinton’s Impeachment
    The impeachment of Bill Clinton occurred when Bill Clinton, the 42nd president of the United States, was impeached by the United States House of Representatives of the 105th United States Congress
  • • USA Patriot Act

    •	USA Patriot Act
    The USA PATRIOT Act was an Act of the United States Congress, signed into law by President George W. Bush.
  • • 9/11

    •	9/11
    The September 11 attacks, often referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
  • • War on Terror

    •	War on Terror
    The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism and U.S. War on Terror, is an ongoing international military campaign launched by the United States government following the September 11 attacks.
  • Period: to

    George W. Bush

    George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
  • Period: to

    War in Afghanistan

  • • NASA Mars Rover Mission Begins

  • Period: to

    Iraq War

    The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein.
  • • Facebook Launched

  • Alazay birthday

  • • Hurricane Katrina

    •	Hurricane Katrina
    Hurricane Katrina was a large Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that caused over 1,800 deaths and $125 billion in damage in August 2005, particularly in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas.
  • • Saddam Hussein Executed

    •	Saddam Hussein Executed
    The execution of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein took place on 30 December 2006. Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death by hanging
  • • Iphone Released

  • • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

  • • Hilary Clinton Appointed U.S. Secretary of State

  • • Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court

  • Period: to

    : Barack Obama

  • • Arab Spring

  • • Osama Bin Laden Killed

  • • Space X Falcon 9

  • • Donald Trump Elected President