Nuclear energy history 1942-1955 January 10

  • 1

    Dr. Enrico Fermi achieves the first controlled nuclear chain reaction with the first demonstration reactor—the Chicago Pile 1.
  • 2

    The U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, and three days later drops another bomb on Nagasaki. World War II ends days later.
  • 3

    President Harry S. Truman signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, putting the fledgling nuclear energy industry under civilian control, and creating the powerful Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy.
  • 4

    The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission first investigates the possibility of peaceful uses of atomic energy, issuing a report the following year.
  • 5

    An experimental reactor produces the first electric power from the atom, lighting four lightbulbs.
  • 6

    Keel for the Navy's first nuclear submarine, Nautilus, laid at Groton, Connecticut.
  • 7

    Nautilus first starts its nuclear power units.
  • 8

    President Dwight D. Eisenhower unveils his "Atoms-for-Peace" program, proposing an international agency to develop peaceful nuclear technologies.
  • 9

    President Eisenhower signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, the first major amendment of the original Atomic Energy Act, giving the civilian nuclear energy program further access to nuclear technology.
  • 10

    The Atomic Energy Commission announces the beginning of a cooperative program between government and industry to develop nuclear power plants.