New Media and Technology

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    Technology and New Media

  • Frederick Koenig invents an improved printing press.

    German, Frederick Koenig invents an improved high speed version of the printing press along with his watchmaker Andreas Friedrich Bauer.
  • Joseph Nicéphore Niépce itakes the first photograph.

    Nicéphore Niépce was the first person to take a photograph using the camera obscura, an optical device that projects an image of its surroundings on a screen. The image taken is called 'View from the Window at Le Gras' and although the exact date of the photograph is unknown it is considered to be the world's oldest surviving camera photograph.
  • American, W.A. Burt invents the typewriter.

    The machine was unlike modern typewriters. This was a rectangular wooden box 12 inches wide, 12 inches high, and 18 inches long, mechanically worked by depressing a rotating lever so that an inked letter made contact with paper.
  • Samuel Morse invents the telegraph.

    The telegraph was the first method of long-distance transmission via textual messages without the physical exchange of an object (i.e. person or pigeon) bearing the message.
  • Samuel Morse invents Morse Code.

    The dots and dashes system of telegraph transmission that substituted letters become known as Morse Code. With this new system it meant that communication over long distances was now possible with speed and efficiency.
  • Louis Daguerre and J.N. Niepce co-invent Daguerreotype photography.

    Daguerreotype was the first practical photographic process.
  • Christopher Sholes invents the first practical and modern typewriter.

    Sholes was an American inventor who invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard still in use today.
  • Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone.

    Although the telephone had been the culmination of work by several individuals, Alexander Graham Bell was credited with inventing the first practical telephone. It was a revolution in terms of communication; people were now able to transmit sound to one another over distances.
  • Emile Berliner invents the gramophone.

    The gramophone is a device introduced in 1877 which was used for the purpose of the recording and the reproduction of sound recordings. Sounds were recorded onto flat discs now known as 'records'. It was the first consumer music playing gadget.
  • Lumière Brothers invent the portable motion-picture camera.

    They also invented the film processing unit and the projector called the cinématographe. The Lumière Brothers, using their cinématographe projector, were the first to present a projected motion picture to an audience of more than one person.
  • John Logie Baird demonstrates the world's first practical television system.

    Known as the 'father of television', Scottish inventor John Logie Baird gave the first public demonstration of televised silhouette images in motion, at Selfridge's Department Store in London.
  • Frequency modulation (FM radio) invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong.

    Armstrong invented a large part of the technology of modern radio we know and use today. FM broadcasting is a broadcasting technology pioneered by Edwin Howard Armstrong which uses frequency modulation (FM) to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio.
  • Peter Goldmark and long with other CBS researchers demonstrate to the press their colour television system.

    Peter Goldmark, then technical head of CBS Television, and his team created a mechanical colour television system based on the 1928 designs of John Logie Baird.
  • The first poloroid camera was sold to the public in November, 1948P

    Invented by Edwin Herbert Land, the founder of the Polaroid Corporation, Land was the original creator of instant photography. Land created a one-step process for developing and printing photographs.
  • The first video tape recorder (VTR) is invented.

    In 1952, Charles Paulson Ginsburg lead the research team at Ampex that developed the first broadcast-quality videotape recorder (VTR) VTR revolutionised television broadcasting. Programs could now be recorded in high quality and edited afterwards instead of having to be broadcast live.
  • Jack Kilby successfully demonstrates the first working integrated example of a Mircochip.

    Developed by both Robert Noyce and Kilby microchips are a set of electronic circuits on one small plate ("chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon. They can be found in pretty much every electronically powered device in modern times.
  • The audio cassette player is released.

    In 1963, Philips first introduced the cassette player to the audio market. The majority of the first cassette players were designed as personal recording devices and dictation machines rather than musical devices. However, this is the point which marks the birth of portable music players.
  • The first operating liquid-crystal display (LCD) was developed.

    James Fergason, in 1970, made the first operating LCDs. Prior to this invention, LCDs used a large amount of power, provided a limited life, and had poor visual contrast. In 1971, the first LCDs were demonstrated publicly and enthusiastically accepted. LCD technology, starting with quartz watches and calculators, has completely redefined many industries, such as computer displays, medical devices, industrial devices, and the vast array of consumer electronics.
  • The first mass-market videocassette (VCR) players were released.

    The first consumer videocassette recorders were launched in 1971 allowing the public to watch videos in the comfort of their own homes. There were three competitors with three separate systems, each releasing their products at separate times, Philips had the N1500, Sony had Betamax (1975) and JVC had VHS (1976). Up until the 80's both the players and the cassettes were expensive, however when the prices were dropped and the the systems were more avalible thier was a huge boom in sales.
  • The first IBM-PC invented.

    The IBM model number 5150, was the first mass produced Personal Computer. Floppy disk compatible, this was the computer that made home computing possible.
  • The Apple Macintosh 128k is introduced.

    IBM's competition, Macintosh developed their own personal computer named the Apple Macintosh 128k which, when released exceeded the baseline performance of its competitors. The Macintosh hit public consciousness when Apple introduced their Orwellian themed advert by Ridley Scott entitled, "1984".
  • Windows program invented by Microsoft.

    It was created as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces. Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world's personal computer market with over 90% market share.
  • The world wide web is realeased publically.

    Tim Berners-Lee invented possibly the most important piece of modern technology, The World Wide Web, is an internet-based hypermedia initiative for global information sharing. Berners-Lee created the platform from which we all use to communicate, share and engage with each other.
  • The first mass produced GMC (Global System for Mobile Communications) mobile phone is realsed.

    The Nokia 1011 had a memory that could hold 99 phone numbers and it was able to send and receive SMS messages. This phone was the biggest step in wireless communication since the advent of the mobile phone.
  • Google is founded

    Developed by Larry Page and Sergey Brin whilst studying at Stanford University, Google is now an American multinational corporation specialising in Internet-related services and products. It is now the most popular search engine in the western world taking up the majority of the market share.
  • 1st Generation of iPod is released.

    Apple Computers publicly announced their portable digital music player the iPod, created under project codename Dulcimer. By September 2012, 350 million iPod had been sold worldwide. 8 and a half months later iTunes was created - an online music store where customers can download their music digitally. As of the 6th September 2013 the iTunes Store has sold over 25 Billion songs.
  • Facebook is founded

    Facebook is a social networking service founded by Mark Zuckerberg, it is a mass communication tool with over 1 billion members.
  • Intel Express Chipsets

    Grantsdale and Alderwood are the code names of Intel's newest chips that will provide superior and inexpensive built-in sound and video capacities for the PC including the ability to do high definition video editing without additional computer cards.
  • YouTube is founded.

    The online video sharing and viewing community was founded in 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim. I is a site where users can upload, view and share videos. It has more than 1 billion unique users visit YouTube each month, over 6 billion hours of video are watched each month on YouTube and 100 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute.
  • Apple's iPhone is released

    The 1st generation of Apple's iPhone was conceived from the idea of using a multi-touch touchscreen to interact with a computer in a way in which the user could type directly onto the display, essentially removing the physical keyboard and mouse. The idea concept was applied to iPhone, and in turn revolutionised the mobile phone industry.