natives timeline

  • Jan 1, 1492

    europeans first came to north america

    europeans first came to north america
    Columbus sailed to north america. he was with the spanish
  • Jan 1, 1499

    First contact

    The first contact between natives and europeans
  • Jan 1, 1521

    aztec empire falls

    Hernan Cortes invades Mexico, completing his conquest of the Aztec empire in 1521 and establishes the colony of New Spain
  • Jamestown is founded in virginia by london company.

    By the end of the year, starvation and disease reduce the original 105 settlers to just 32 survivors. Captain John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas.
  • Samuel de champlain starts first mini war

    Samuel de Champlain, accompanied by two other Frenchmen and 60 Algonquin and Huron Indians, defeated a band of Iroquois near the future Ticonderoga, beginning a long period of French/Iroquois wars. This decides the fate of other amerindien tribes.
  • First disease for amerindiens

    A smallpox epidemic decimates the Native American population in New England.
  • first treaty signed by natives

    One of the first treaties between colonists and Native Americans is signed as the Plymouth Pilgrims enact a peace pact with the Wampanoag Tribe, with the aid of Squanto, an English speaking Native American.
  • Period: to

    french english native wars

    The French and Indian War, a conflict between France and Britain for possession of North America, rages for decades. For various motivations, most Algonquian tribes allied with the French; the Iroquois with the British.
  • Period: to

    King William's War

    The first of the French and Indian Wars, this conflict was fought between England, France, and their respective American Indian allies in the colonies of Canada (New France
  • Great peace

    the great peace treaty between more than 40 nations ended almsot 100 years of wars between frnech english and natives.all this happened at montreal.
  • frech and native raids

    French military forces out of Canada, accompanied by 220 Caughnawaga Mohawk and Abenaki Indians, attacked and burned the English settlement at Saratoga. The 101 inhabitants were either killed or taken prisoner.
  • Royal proclamation

    This document explicitly recognizes aboriginal title; aboriginal land ownership and authority are recognized by the Crown as continuing under British sovereignty. It states that only the Crown could acquire lands from First Nations and only by treaty.
  • Pontiac rebellions begin

    The Ottawa Indians under Chief Pontiac begin all-out warfare against the British west of Niagara, New York, destroying several British forts and conducting a siege against the British at Detroit, Michigan. In August, Pontiac's forces are defeated by the British near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The siege of Detroit ends in November, but hostilities between the British and Chief Pontiac continue for several years.
  • Pontiac rebellions end

    The Ottawa Indians under Chief Pontiac begin all-out warfare against the British west of Niagara, New York, destroying several British forts and conducting a siege against the British at Detroit, Michigan. In August, Pontiac's forces are defeated by the British near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The siege of Detroit ends in November, but hostilities between the British and Chief Pontiac continue for several years.
  • Compensation for rebellions

    An organization compensating settlers for losses resulting from Indian raids was created by Indian Commissioner Sir William Johnson.
  • Period: to

    Disease kills natives

    80 percent of arikara and piegan blackfoot natives died from small pox, measels. ect
  • Federal law prohibits the sale of liquor to Indians.

    Federal law prohibits the sale of liquor to Indians.
  • exploration of the west

    A British Colony is established on Vancouver Island. The Hudson's Bay Company was given rights to trade by the Crown. Chief Factor Douglas was instructed to purchase First Nations land.
  • worst small pox epidemic in canada ever

    One of the worst small pox epidemics sweeps British Columbia, killing one third of the First Nations population in the province. Waves of epidemics decimated First Nations populations.
  • Canada is formed

    Canada is created under the terms of the British North America Act.
  • BC joins conferation, natives had no choice

    British Columbia joins Confederation. The population was made up of a majority of First Nations people but they were given no role in the decision making process of the province.
  • Indian act

    The Indian Act is established. It influences all aspect of a First Nations person's life from birth to death. Indian Bands were created and Indian Agents became the intermediaries between First Nations people and the rest of the country.
  • Natives bloack road demanding rights

    At a protest blockade near Fort St. John, the First Nations demanded a treaty and halted the flow of miners. As a result, Treaty 8 was negotiated.
  • tribes come together to pursue rights

    Allied Tribes of British Columbia formed to pursue recognition of title and treaties.
  • Natives can vote in federal elections

    natives receive the right to vote in the federal elections of canada
  • Oka crisis

    Oka crisis