Most important events in Afghanistan for the last 50 years

By ilinast
  • Soviet military invades Afghanistan

  • The Soviets make Babrak Karmal the ruler of the Aghanistan.

    A war follows between the Soviets and mujahideen (holy warriors). The mujahideen are supported by the U.S.
  • Mohammad Najibullah becomes president

    He is supported by the Soviet Union.
  • Geneva Accords of 1988 are signed

    The Soviet Union starts withdrawing its forces from Afghanistan.
  • Najibullah’s government falls.

    He remains in Kabul as he is not allowed to leave the country.
  • The Taliban capture the city of Kandahar

    It is located in the south of the country.
  • Osama bin Laden, the leader of al-Qaida, comes to Afghanistan.

    The leader of the Taliban at this time is Mullah Mohammad Omar.
  • Kabul is captured by the Taliban

    Najibullah is killed.
  • Women start losing their rights

    They are not allowed to work and education is forbidden.
  • The Taliban begin their advance from the north

  • Invasion, led by the U.S., begins.

    This happens after the 9/11 attacks.
  • End of the Taliban Regime

  • The Taliban appear again in Southern Afghanistan

  • Formal end of U.S. and NATO missions

  • The Taliban continue their advance and capture more territory

  • A peace agreement is signed between the U.S. and the Taliban

  • Withdrawal of the remaining U.S. troops

    This is announced by President Biden
  • The Taliban gain control over most of the country

  • Kabul falls and is captured by Taliban forces

  • A promise is made that women will have more rights

    The spokesman of the Taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, promises that women will have more rights than in the previous Taliban rule
  • The last planes with U.S. forces leave Afghanistan.

    This is the end of the war in Afghanistan for the U.S. The Taliban claim they have achieved “full independence.”
  • Girls are banned from secondary education