• Period: 500 to 1450

    Medieval Period

  • 1033

    Gouido of Arezzo

    Gouido of Arezzo
    Guido if Arezzo came up with a set of syllabus to help singers remember the pattern of intervals starting on certain pitches. The innovation in this document is that for the first time, there is now a universal language of singing. These syllables are still used today all over the world.
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hilegard of Bingen

  • 1317

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Ars Nova Treatise
    The pieces in the Roman de Favel in the Ars Nova style used a unifying device called isorhythm, which are repeated segment of the same rhythm. Although this innovation is now new, the tenors now have more complex rhythms while the lower voices are much more simple.
  • Period: 1450 to

    Renaissance Period

  • 1529

    Martin Luther Chorale, Ein feste burg

  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal

  • 1567

    Palestrina, Pope Marcellus Mass

    This mass demonstrated that words can be distinguishable and different in polyphonic music with 6 voices. This piece is a prime example of the Palestrina's Style which became the model for generations to come. Even today, the rules in Palestrina counterpoint are taught.
  • Victoria Missa O magnum mysterium

  • Gabreli Sonata pian'e forte

    This piece was composed in Vienna, Italy. This piece was one of the very first pieces to express how loud or soft the performer was supposed to play. This expression, now referred to as dynamics, is standard in most music played today.