Middle English Session 6_Dagmara Payés

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In History
  • 1066

    Transition from Old English to Middle English

    William the Conqueror invaded the island of Britain from his home base in northern France.
  • 1154

    Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

    Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
    A book that had recorded the history of the English people. Even after the Norman Conquest, it was English, the language that emerged as the language of England.
  • 1167

    Founded universities

    Founded universities
    In 1167 and 1209 the universities of Oxford and Cambridge were founded therefore, general literacy continued to increase.
  • 1204

    Difference between dialects

    The differences between Anglo-Norman and Francien dialects were remarked after King John and England lost the French part of Normandy to the King of France
  • 1337

    The Hundred Year War

    The war agains France lasted from 1337 - 1453, the status of English rose as a consequence.
  • 1385

    Official language

    The Statute of Pleading made English the official language of the courts and Parliament in 1362. English became the language of instruction in schools.
  • 1399

    Anglo-Norman the verbal language of the court

    Anglo-Norman the verbal language of the court
    The Anglo-Norman French became the language of the kings and nobility of England when Henry IV, became the first monarch since before the Conquest to have English as his mother tongue.
  • 1399

    Middle English

    Middle English
    A big amount of the population continued to speak English which was considered by the Normans a low-class, vulgar tongue. Middle English is the result of a mixture of Old English and Anglo-Norman.
  • 1400


    The Normans tended to use the suffixes “-arie” and “-orie” instead of the French “-aire” and “-oire”, so that English has words like victory (as compared to victoire) and salary (as compared to salaire), etc.
  • 1500

    English becomes the third language in its own country

    English had no official status or regulation but it became the third language in its own country. It was a spoken nor written language.
  • 1500

    The “Ormulum"

    text written by a monk called Orm. He used double consonants to indicate a short preceding vowel and used three separate symbols to differentiate the different sounds of the Old English letter yogh; and he used the more modern “wh” for the old-style “hw” and “sh” for “sc”.