Medicine in World War II

By mat2783
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    In the early 1930's Albert Hyman patented the "artificial pacemaker" along with his brother. It was operated by a hand crank and spring motor which turned a magnet to provide electricity. Then in 1940's, John Hopps invented the first catheter electrode for cardiac stimulation that connected to an external pacemaker. During this time such things were viewed as "unnatural".
  • Atabrine is invented to fight malaria.

    Atabrine is invented to fight malaria.
    Video</a>AtabrineSince the 1820's quinine, a chemical found in the bark of the cinchona tree in south america, had been used to prevent malaria. During WW2 american soldiers fighting in islands began to get malaria and the number of infected american soldiers reached cirisis level. Japan had cut off all trading between south america and the US so a new drug called Atabrine was invented. Atabine is a synthetic version of quinine. The drug had some serious side effects but over all proved very effective.
  • Invention of Sulfanilamide

    Invention of Sulfanilamide
    Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk, a german bio chemist, invented the drug prontosil by examining the different properties of chemicals and chosing the ones that would stop bacterial diseases. His drug lead to more research and eventually into the entie class of dugs, SULFONAMIDE. We still use these drugs today to battle bacterial infections.
  • First Production of M+B 293 (Sulfapyridine)

    First Production of M+B 293 (Sulfapyridine)
    M+B (Sulfapyridine) was first produced by the firm May and Baker Called 'M+B 693' it was the first sulphonamide antibiotic and the first cure for pneumonia. It saw very widespread use in World War 2, however it is no longer in use on humans today because there is a risk of it crystallizing in the bladder.
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    Blood Collection Programs
    During World War 2, many countries, including the United States and Great Britain, created blood collection programs in their countries. Blood transfusion became more portable, feasible, and safe; it was used throughout the majority of the war by most medical units on most major wounds. All blood tranfusion services used just O type blood since O type is the only universal donor.
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    First Widesread Use of theTetanus Vaccine

    Tetanus Video
    Although the tetanus vaccine, which was also the vaccine for diphtheria and pertussis, had been created in 1924, it’s first widespread was during World War Two where it was used to prevent tetanus caused by war wounds. The vaccine was a great success and resulted in few to no cases of tetanus.
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    Morphine pain killer

    Morphine is made from the opiom poppy plant. Morphine was injected into patients before the uderwent surgery so the parient did not feel the surery taking place. WW2 was a significant time for pain killers since it allowed sugeons to act quicjly and not worry about how their pateint fekt. Morphine is still used today as a powerful, but addictive, pain killer.
  • Development of Actinomycin D

    Development of Actinomycin D
    Actinomycin was the first antibiotic used to fight cancer. It was developed by Selman Waksman. It is a clear, yellow liquid that is used for the treatment of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, wilms' tumor, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and malignant hydatidiform moles.
  • The Discovery of Penicillium chrysogenum

    The Discovery of Penicillium chrysogenum
    Penicillium chrysogenum, a stronger form of penicillin than the first discovered form, was discovered because the sudden influx of wounded troops from war sparked interest in penicillin, despite it having been discovered in 1929. Scientists from Britain and the U.S. worked together to find this penicillin and mass produce it. It’s first use on military personnel was also in 1943.
  • Streptomycin

    Streptomycin was discovered by Selman Abraham Waksman, a microbiologist. Streptomyces griseus is a fungus that was found during this time which produced the antibiotic. Scientists began to use it on animals that had tuberculosis. Later on it was used to treat bacterial conditions such as plague and tularemia