Major Battles of the Civil War

Timeline created by janienichols
In History
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Battle of ft. Sumter It was a Union base on an island in Charleston harbor, off the coast of Confederate South Carolina.
    Union-Major Robert Anderson
    Confederate-General Pierre G.T. Beauregard
    4 casualties on Union side.
    580 total regiments
    First battle of the Civil War.
  • First Bull Run (or First Manassas)

    First Bull Run (or First Manassas)
    [Battle of First Bull Run]( location- Manassas Junction
    Union commander- General Irvin McDowell
    Confederate- General Beauregard
    about 2,900 men Union
    and about 2,000 Confederates
    The South won this first major battle.
  • Grant’s army captures Fort Henry and Ft. Donelson

    Grant’s army captures Fort Henry and Ft. Donelson
    Fort Donelson
    river outposts in northwestern Tennessee
    General Ulysses S. grant Flag-Officer A.H. Foote(U.S)
    Gen. John B. Floyd, Brig. Gen. Gideon Pillow, and Brig. Gen. Simon B. Buckner [CS]
    17,400 casualties
    The Confederates surrendured 13,000 men and much precious equipment at Fort Donelson
  • Battle of the Ironclads

    Battle of the Ironclads
    Battle of the Ironclads
    location: Chesapeake Bay, Virginia
    Union-Lt. John Worden
    Confederate- Capt. Franklin Buchanan and Lt. Catesby R. Jones
    regiments: casualties:
    about 410 union
    about 25 Confederate
    A new era of ships had begun.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Battle of Shiloh
    In Shiloh, Tennessee.
    Gen. ALbert S. Johnston (CS)
    Gen. Grant (US)
    regiments: casualties:
    around or more than 23,000
    The Union had won this battle, allowing Grant to push through towards New Orleans
    Union won
  • New Orleans falls to Union

    New Orleans falls to Union
    capture of New orleans by union<a New Orleans
    Commodore David G. Farragut (US)
    Gen. Mansfield Lovell (CS) casualties:
    no estimated casualties
    The Confederacy lost New Orleans and almost all control of the Mississippi River
  • McClellan's Peninsular Campaign also the Seven Day's Battle

    McClellan's Peninsular Campaign also the Seven Day's Battle
    <ahref='' >Seven Days Battle</a>peninsula between York and james rivers.
    McClellan (US)
    Lee and Jackson (CS)
    36,000 significance:
    It stopped the union from gaining Richmond and pushed them back down the peninsula
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Second Manassastook place near Manassas, Virginia
    Gen. Lee (CS)
    Gen. John Pope (US) casualties:
    This was the decisive battle in the Northern Virginia Campaign
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    location: Maryland countryside; Antietam Creek
    General Lee (CS)
    Gen. George B. McClellan (US) casualties:
    around 23,000-24,000
    McClellan forced Lee to retreat and caused them not go to DC
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Fredericksburg, Virginia
    A.E. Burnside (US)
    Lee and Jackson (CS) casualties:
    around 15,000
    This stopped Burnside from capturing Fredericksburg, Virginia, and it was one of the largest and deadliest battles of the Civil War
  • Fall of Vicksburg

    Fall of Vicksburg
    Seige of Vicksburg
    Vicksburg, Mississippi (the South's last open port)
    Gen. Grant (US)
    Lt. Gen. John Pembertonm (CS) casualties:
    The Union captures Vicksburg, the South's last open post, the Confederacy was effectively split in half, and the West was now in Union hands (picture)
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Battle of Gettysburg
    Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
    main commanders:
    Lee and George E. Pickett (CS)
    George G. Meade (US) casualties:
    around 51,000
    The South had to win a decisive victory in the North if he hoped to convince Great Britain to help them, but the South was defeated
  • Battle of Cickamauga

    Battle of Cickamauga
    Battle of Chickamauga
    Chickamauga, Georgia
    Gen. WIlliam S. Rosecrans and Gen. George Thomas (US)
    General Braxton Bragg and Gen. James Longstreet (CS) casualties:
    the Confederates defeated Union troops and forced them to retreat to Chattanooga
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    battle of Chattanooga
    Chattanooga, Tennessee
    Gen Bragg (CS)
    Gen. Ulysses S. Grant (US) casualties:
    The Union forces defeated the Confederate army, so the way was cleared for Union troops to invade Georgia
  • Surrender at Appomattox

    Surrender at Appomattox
    Surrendur at Appomattox When Gen. Lee surrendured at Appomattox Court House. The War was officially over. Grant allowed the Confederates to go home with their mules and horses. rations would be given to starving soldiers. Grant also allowed Lee to keep his sword becasue grant respected lee and didn't want to humiliate him. (picture)
  • Fall of Atlanta

    Fall of Atlanta
    Atlanta campiagn
    Atlanta, Georgia
    Sherman (US)
    66,000 (in the entire Atlanta Campaign)
    Atlanta falls in Union hands
  • Sherman's March begins

    Sherman's March begins
    Atlanta Campaign and Sherman's March William T. Sherman began destroying everyhting in a 60-mile wide path from Atlanta to the sea. This devastated the South. He captures Savannah, and then burned down Colombia (the capitol of South Carolina).
  • Grant seizes Petersburg and Richmond

    Grant seizes Petersburg and Richmond
    Seige of Petersburg and Richmond
    Petersburg, Virginia
    Grant (US)
    General Grant captures Petersburg, which allowes the Union to move on the Richmond and capture the capitol. Jefferson Davis fled the Richmond, causing the Confederacy to dissolve significance:
    Confederacy fell
  • Battle of Palmito Ranch

    Battle of Palmito Ranch
    Battle of Palmito Ranchlocation: Cameron County, Texas
    Theodore Harvey Barrett (US)
    John Salmon "Rip" Ford (CS)
    124 casualties
    last battle of the Civil War