Línea de tiempo Música

  • 146 BCE

    Los procedentes griegos

    Los procedentes griegos
    En Grecia la música tuvo un gran desarrollo, ligado a la poesía y representaciones teatrales.
    Instrumentos más utilizados: arpa, aulós, órgano, hidraulos
  • 30

    Muerte de Jesucristo

    Muerte de Jesucristo
  • 476

    Caída del imperio romano occidente

    Caída del imperio romano occidente
    The fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called the fall of the Roman Empire or the fall of Rome) was the loss of central political control in the Western Roman Empire, a process in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
  • Period: 476 to 1492

    Edad Media

  • 600

    Creación de las neumas

    Creación de las neumas
    Consisten en líneas rectas y curvas que trazaban el diseño melódico de la composición.
  • 800

    Canto gregoriano

    Canto gregoriano
    Canto monódico de carácter religioso.
  • 1000

    Los trovadores y juglares

    Los trovadores y juglares
    Música profana:
    Trovador: Artista culto, poeta y músico de origen noble.
    Juglar: Músico y actor ambulante de origen humilde.
  • 1150

    La polifonía

    La polifonía
    Introducción de una segunda voz para dar más solemnidad al canto religioso. Combina sonidos y melodías distintas de una manera simultánea.
  • Period: 1350 to

    Renacimiento

    Pretenden renacer las ideas de los antiguos griegos y romanos.
    Es polifónica, hay equilibrio entre las voces, el ritmo es regular, el texto es muy importante.
  • 1483

    Martín Lutero

    Martín Lutero
    Impulsor de la reforma protestante.
    Utilización del alemán en los cantos.
    Creación del coral.
  • 1492

    Descubrimiento de américa

    Descubrimiento de américa
    The prehistory of the Americas (North, South, and Central America, and the Caribbean) begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia during the height of an ice age. These groups are generally believed to have been isolated from the people of the "Old World" until the coming of Europeans in the 10th century from Iceland led by Leif Erikson and in 1492 with the voyages of Christopher Columbus.
  • 1500

    Estilo internacional

    Estilo internacional
    Surge en la escuela franco flamenca.
    Música polifónica.
    Emplea la imitación.
    Equilibrio entre todas las voces.
  • 1500

    Escuela italiana

    Escuela italiana
    Roma: exclusivamente religiosa. Estilo sobrio, sencillo y claro. Principales compositores: Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Orlando di Lasso.
    Venecia: la policoralidad. Principales compositores: Andrea Gabrieli y su sobrino Giovanni.
  • 1500

    Escuela española

    Escuela española
    Composiciones austeras y muy expresivas. Destacan por su sencillez y simplicidad.
    Compositor más destacado: Juan del Encina.
  • 1545

    El Concilio de Trento

    El Concilio de Trento
    Periodo en el que se impuso la Contrarreforma.
    Se mantiene el uso del latín en los cantos.
    Elimina la temática profana.
    Simplifica la polifonía para que el texto sea comprensible para los fieles.
  • 1567

    Claudio Monteverdi

    Claudio Monteverdi
    Compositor más representativo de la ópera italiana en el siglo XVII
  • Música Vocal Religiosa

    Música Vocal Religiosa
    Until the 17th century, religious music was eminently polyphonic vocal and a cappella (without instrumental accompaniment). But from this time, Palestrina's old style is opposed by a new style that incorporates the innovations regarding the accompanied melody, the basso continuo and the half concertato.
  • Música Vocal Profana

    Música Vocal Profana
    Secular music is that which is not religious, the opera stood out within the vocal form, and various instrumental forms such as the Suite, chamber music such as the sonata and the concertos grosso and soloist.
  • Period: to

    Baroque

    The Baroque was a period of history in Western culture originated by a new way of conceiving art and that, starting from different historical-cultural contexts, produced works in numerous artistic fields: literature, architecture, sculpture, painting, music, opera , dance, theater, etc.
  • Barbara Strozzi

    Barbara Strozzi
    Barbara Strozzi, also called Barbara Valle, was an Italian Baroque singer-songwriter. During her lifetime, she published eight volumes of her own music and had more secular music in print than any other composer of the time.
  • Antonio Vivaldi

    Antonio Vivaldi
    Antonio Vivaldi was a Baroque Venetian Catholic composer, violinist, impresario, teacher and priest. He was nicknamed Il prete rosso for being a priest.
  • Händel

    Händel
    George Frideric Handel; in English George Frideric Handel was a German composer, later nationalized English, considered one of the leading figures in the history of music, especially baroque, and one of the most influential composers of Western and universal music.
  • Johann S. Bach

    Johann S. Bach
    Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer, musician, conductor, choirmaster, cantor, and teacher of the Baroque period. He was the most important member of one of the most outstanding families of musicians in history, with more than 35 famous composers: the Bach family.
  • Oratorio

    Oratorio
    The oratorio is a dramatic musical genre without staging, costumes, or sets. Usually composed for solo voices, choir, and symphony orchestra, sometimes with a narrator, its subject matter is frequently religious, but can also be secular.
  • La Cantata

    La Cantata
    The cantata is a piece of music written for one or more solo voices with musical accompaniment, usually in several movements and sometimes with a choir. It is distinguished from the piece to be played or "sounded". The cantata has its origin in the early seventeenth century, simultaneously with the opera and the oratorio.