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Life of Shakespeare and Historical Events

  • Period: Jan 1, 1560 to

    Wars in Europe and London Booming

    European Happenings
    European wars brought an influx of continental refugees into England, exposing the Englishman to new cultures.
    London where Shakespeare lived and worked was at the heart of all this. in the 16th century underwent a transformation. Its population grew 400% during the 1500s, swelling to nearly 200,000 people in the city proper and outlying region by the time an immigrant from Stratford came to town.
  • Apr 23, 1564

    William Shakespeare is born

    William Shakespeare is born
    Willian Shakespeare is born in Straford-upon-Avon to John and Mary Arden Shakespeare. He was the fourth of eight children
  • Apr 26, 1564

    The Bard is Baptized

    The Bard is Baptized
    Baptized at Holy Trinity Church in Stratord
  • Jan 1, 1569

    Shakespeare Gets Schooled

    Shakespeare Gets Schooled
    It is assumed that Shakespeare started at King's New School in around the age of five. However, no official record exists to document this.
  • Sep 26, 1580

    Drake Circumnavigates the Globe

    Drake Circumnavigates the Globe
    Sir Francis Drake completes his circumnavigations of the globe becoming an English hero.
  • William Wed

    William Wed
    The Bishop of Worcester issues a marriage license to 18-year-old William Shakespeare and 26-year-old Anne Hathaway.
  • Susanna Shakespeare Born

    Susanna Shakespeare  Born
    Six months after their marriage, William and Anne's first child is born.
  • Twins Born

    Twins Born
    While the exact date of Hamenet and Judith's birth is uncertain, it is known that the twins were named after Shakespeare's close friends, Hamnet and Judith Sadler.
  • Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots

    Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
    Mary, queen of Scots was one of the most fascinating and controversial monarchs of 16th century Europe. She was executed to ensure the power of the Protestant Queen Elizabeth.
  • Spainish Armada Defeated

    Spainish Armada Defeated
    Lord Charles Howard and Sir Franis Drake work together to help the English Navy defeat the Spainish Armada establishing England as a global super power.
  • First Play and London

    First Play and London
    Shakespeare writes Henry VI, Part One, however, the precise year of its authorship is now unclear. Also that year, Shakespeare leaves Stratford to begin work as a playwright and actor in london. His family remains in Straford.
  • Shakespeare finds Success

    Shakespeare finds Success
    We know that by 1592 Shakespeare was doing at least realatively well in London's Theatre scene because the Playwright Robert Greene, who was educated at university, goes out of his way to write a a review where he calls Shakespeare an "upstart cow."
  • Plague Closes Theaters

    Plague Closes Theaters
    London theaters are closed due to an outbreak of bubonic plague that eventually kills about5% of the city's residents. Shakespeare uses the break to write poetry.
  • Venus and Adonis

    Venus and Adonis
    Dedicated to his patron the Earl of Southampton,Shakespeare publishes "Venus and Adonis," his first long published poem.
  • Theatres Reopen

    Theatres Reopen
    Shakespeare's popularity continues to grow as his troupe, the Chamberlain's Men, continue to perform even recieving invitations to perform at the royal court of Queen Elizabeth.
  • Hamnet Dies

    Hamnet Dies
    Shakespeare's only son dies of unknown causes
  • Shakespeare buys "New Place"

    Shakespeare buys "New Place"
    Shakespeare buys the second largest home in Stratford for his family.
  • Shakespeare Super Star

    Shakespeare Super Star
    Shakespeare is praised in a review by Fransis Mere. We know that by now he has writen at least 12 plays including Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Merchant of Venice, Love's Labors Lost, Richard II and Titus Andronicus.
  • Keeping Busy

    Keeping Busy
    The Globe Theater is built and would be were plays such as Othello, King Lear, and Hamlet are premiered. Shakespeare is also believed to have written Much Ado About Nothing, As You Like It, Julius Caesar, and The Merry Wives of Windsor in 1599 as well.
  • East India Company

    East India Company
    British East India Company Recieves its charter From Queen Elizabeth
  • Hamlet

    Hamlet is writen after the death of Shakespeare's Father and Shakespear's patron is sentenced to death (eventually repreieved). Other plays writedn at this time have a darker tone as well.
  • King James Reigns

    King James Reigns
    Queen Elizabeth dies and King James takes the throne.
  • Nine Years War Ends

    Nine Years War Ends
    The Nine Years War ends with the Irish surrendering to the English
  • Name Change

    Name Change
    The Chamberlain's Men become the King's Men and wWould perform for King James 11 times between November 1604 and October 1605
  • Jamestown Founded

    Jamestown Founded
    Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh sent colonists eastward in search of profit establishing the first English Colony in America.
  • Lighten Up

    Lighten Up
    Shakespeare's plays, such as Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale, and The Tempest, show a shift to a ligter tone and The Kings men start performing indoors at the BlackFriars Theater.
  • Shakespeare's Sonnets

    Shakespeare's Sonnets
    154 of Shakespeares Sonnets are published by Thomas Thorpe
  • Back to Stratford

    Back to Stratford
    Sometime between 1610 and 1603, Shakespeare return to his wife in Stratford. His daughters are now married.
  • Last Plays

    Last Plays
    It is believed that Shakespeare wrote his final plays in 1613 this includes: Henry VIII, Two Noble Kinsmen, and the now-lost Cardenio—in collaboration with John Fletcher, replacement playwright for the King's Men.
    This same year the Globe burns down during a performance of Henry VIII.
  • Shakespeare's Death

    Shakespeare's Death
    Shakespeare dies on his 52nd birthday from and unknow illness. He leaves his "second-best bed" to his wife and £10 to the poor.
    He is burried in the church where he was baptized and his marker curses those who disturb his grave,