Landmark Legislation

  • Schools were set up

    Schools were set up
    The General Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony set in place that for a town that has a minimum of 50 people, an elementary school needed to be established. If there were at least 100 people, a Latin school needed to be established. This was set up because the Puritans wanted to make sure that everyone learned about the bible.
  • Two Track Educational System

    Two Track Educational System
    Thomas Jefferson proposed the idea of having a two-track educational system. This was to make sure that everyone could have access to education. This also was mainly for the people in the laboring field to get an education as well because there were a few geniuses in the laboring world.
  • Free education To the Poor

    Free education To the Poor
    Pennsylvania was the first state to make it to where poor families had access to an education, not just the rich. However, the rich were still expected to pay for their education at this time.
  • Lancasterian Model

    Lancasterian Model
    The New York Public School Society decided that poor people needed access to education. They chose to do the Lancasterian model, where one person teaches at least 100 people at a time. Those 100 people then go to the younger ones and teach them the same thing. This model also taught them the discipline and obedience needed in the factory world.
  • First high school opened

    First high school opened
    The first public high school is opened this year. It was the Boston English.
  • Massachusetts passes a law

    Massachusetts passes a law stating that all school-aged children, no matter the grade, would go to public school free of charge.
  • Horace Mann becomes the head of the school board

    Horace Mann becomes the head of the school board
    Horace Mann became the head of the Massachusett State Board of Education. Along with that, Edmund Dwight offered to supplement the state with money of his own so that there could be more school boards.
  • Reform schools were established

    Reform schools were established
    The first reform school was opened in Massachusetts. The purpose of these schools was to give the children that couldn't handle being in public school or refused to go, access to education as well as the juvenile justice system.
  • "Kill the Indian to save the man"

    "Kill the Indian to save the man"
    The United States Congress made it illegal this year for Native Americans to learn their education in their native language. The kids were pulled from their families and sent to boarding schools that were from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. These schools were off the reservations.
  • Period: to

    Public education being brought to the South

    After the Civil War, African Americans started to push for public education in the South. They started to work with white Republicans on changing things in the constitution. They started with free education to all people, not just whites.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson happened when a black man sat in the "whites only" area on a train car. The result of this made it to where whites and blacks were "separate but equal". It affected many different things, schools being one of those things. The verdict that came from this showed that the Supreme Court saw segregation as a legal thing. With this being a thing, segregation happened in school which in turn affected the children's education.
  • Education to Chinese Immigrants

    Education to Chinese Immigrants
    The U.S. Supreme Court makes it to where California must extend public education to Chinese immigrants just like everyone else
  • Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka

    Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka
    This case happened because of the "separate but equal" verdict from the Plessy v. Ferguson case years ago. Many states went to their state courts and were fighting it. This one made it be the final verdict. Segregation needed to be abolished as it was very detrimental to the student's education. This case ruled that segregation needed to stop and allow blacks and whites to be in the same school again.
  • Engel v Vitale

    Engel v Vitale
    In this ruling, it was said that saying a prayer in school was found going against the First Amendment. It was going against it because Freedom of Religion was being violated by saying a prayer that would be against someone else's religion. It was not constitutional to continue saying a prayer before the school day started.
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    Title IX states that no one should be discriminated against or held back in their schooling or activities wished to participate in based on sex when the school is receiving funding from the federal level. This means that no female or male can be told no or be discriminated against for wanting to do something based on their sex. For example, females would be allowed to be on the football team based on Title IX because they are not allowed to be discriminated against for being female.
  • Education of all Handicapped Children Act

    Education of all Handicapped Children Act
    This act made it to where any person from the ages of 3-21 was able to have access to education despite having a disability. This act late became known as IDEA, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
  • Pyler v. Doe

    Pyler v. Doe
    This case ruled that children of illegal aliens were allowed to have an education. Previously it was ruled that these children were not allowed to have access to any type of education in the schools. This case saw that illegal aliens were still people despite not being a part of the U.S. making it to where they had access to education in the public schools. This allowed them to have protection under the Fourteenth Amendment.