Judicial Court Timeline

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    Evolving Constitution Timeline Pt. II

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Supreme Court Forces desegregation of public schools.
  • 1962, Engle v. Vitale

    The court found it was unconstitutional to recite prayer or hold orhanized prayer in schools.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District

    Held that students had First Amendment rights that schools could not restrict without showing a constitutionally valid cause (this was the Vietnam War black armband protest).
  • Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

    The judges struck down local laws that excluded children with disabilities from schools. They established that children with a disability have a right to a public education and access to an education.
  • Board of Education of Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley,

    The ruling provided children with disabilities access to public schools that also provided a basic floor of opportunity.
  • Cedar Rapids Community School District v. Garret

    the Supreme Court looked at related services and decided cost is not a factor. If it’s needed to attend school and doesn’t meet the medical exception test the School must provide it.
  • Flores v. Arizona

    Plaintiffs argued and won their claim that the state is failing to adequately fund programs for English Language Learners.