Period: Jan 1, 1232 to Dec 31, 1232
Goseibai Shikimoku was createdGoseibai Shikimoku was the legal code of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan, promulgated by third shikken Hōjō Yasutoki.
Period: Jan 1, 1274 to Dec 31, 1274
First Mongol invasionIn November, an armada of 900 vessels containing more than 40,000 troops was dispatched from Korea. The armada demolished Tsushima and Iki islands and arrived at Hakata Bay on Novemeber 18th. On the following day, the troops landed on the bay and fought the Japanese defense on land. The Japanese were no match for the Mongol's cavalry tactics and weaponry. The Japanese had no choice but to retreat to a fortress near Dazaifu. The remaining retreated to Korea, ending in an unsuccessful invasion.
Period: Jan 1, 1281 to Dec 31, 1281
Second Mongol invasionThe second Mongol invasion of Japan was one of the most massive in history. One armada consisting of 40,000 Mongols, Koreans, and north Chinese was to sail from Korea, while a second, larger force of some 100,000 men was to set out from various ports in south China. The Korean and south Chinese sailors sensed the approach of a typhoon and tried to put to sea. But the fleet was so unwieldly and poorly coordinated that many of the ships collided.
Period: Dec 1, 1324 to Dec 31, 1324
Emperor Go-Daigo overthrows the Kamakura governmentThe power of the Hōjō remained unchallenged until 1324, when Emperor Go-Daigo orchestrated a plot to overthrow them, but the plot was discovered almost immediately and foiled.
Feb 15, 1348
Rivalry between Northern and Southern emperorsThe rivalry between the Northern and Southern Emperors began, and lasted for 3 years.
Period: Jan 1, 1392 to Dec 31, 1392
Shogun Ashikaga YoshimitsuYoshimitsu ended an imperial division of Japan caused by Takauji’s seizure of Kyōto, which had forced the emperor Go-Daigo (reigned 1318–39) and his adherents to flee to the Yoshino Mountains, south of Nara, where they established a court separate from that of the emperor designated by Takauji in Kyōto. Yoshimitsu concluded a truce with the southern court; the position of emperor would alternate between the two imperial lines if the imperial regalia returned to Kyoto. The promise was not kept.
Period: Jan 1, 1467 to Jan 1, 1573
Warring States PeriodUnification of political power in the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Period: Jan 1, 1543 to Dec 31, 1543
Firearms arrive in JapanThe Chinese brought them into Japan and arrived by the proximity.
The Tokugawa shogunate rules JapanThe shogunate was started by Tokugawa Leyasu and it lasted for 268 years. The capital of the shogunate was Edo (Tokyo).