interwar timeline

Timeline created by haylee mcniven
  • Treaty of Versailles is signed

    Treaty of Versailles is signed
    The Treaty of Versailles was signed as a peace imposed upon Germany after world war 1 ended. This treaty had a many punishing conditions against Germany, this was also one of the major factors for Adolf Hitler to gain power in Germany.
  • The Weimar Republic is established in Germany

    The Weimar Republic is established in Germany
    The Weimar Republic was a government established in Germany that help power from 1919 to 1933. this was a Democratic party that was characterized by political, economic crises, violence, and drastic social changes in Germany. Although they were not very strong and Hitler's Nazi party was able to overthrown them very easily.
  • The League of Nation is created

    The League of Nation is created
    The League of Nations was considered the first international organization of peace at the time. Although by some of the major powers not participating and its ineffective means of enforcing their decisions, it was unfortunately weakened. This organization was officially dis-banded in 1946 but it was later re-adapted as the United Nations.
  • French occupation of the Ruhr

    French occupation of the Ruhr
    The French Occupation of the Ruhr, this was where France and Belgium took over the Ruhr region of Germany. This was to make up for lack of payments from war reparations. This angered the Germans.
  • Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch
    The Beer Hall Putsch was Hitlers attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic government. The Nazi party was growing with popularity by 1920 and in their attempt to overthrow them he failed and Hitler and many of the Nazi members were thrown in prison. This only made Hitlers popularity grow.
  • The Dawes Plan is created

    The Dawes Plan is created
    As Germany continued to not pay its reparations, the United Sates decided to make a plan where they would loan money to Germany. this money was was meant for Germany to rebuild it economy and help pay war reparations to France and Britain. This later failed due to the great depression and Germany going bankrupt.
  • Benito Mussolini becomes dictator of Italy

    Benito Mussolini becomes dictator of Italy
    Benito Mussolini was president and dictator in Italy of the worlds first fascist dictatorship. Mussolini and others were able to eliminate all opposition and tormented the king and people until he came to power. This influenced Adolf Hitler greatly when he came into power.
  • The Locarno Treaties are signed

    The Locarno Treaties are signed
    The Locarno Treaties were agreements between Germany and allies, this would allow Germany to recover and rebuild from world war one without fear of being attacked again. This agreement also made Germany promise to not go to war again. Although this was a way for Hitler to again his power and go through with his plans without allies interfering.
  • The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed

    The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed
    The Kellogg-Briand Pact was a general agreement between various counties, such as Germany, France, Britain, and the United States, stating that they would not settle anymore disputes using war. Although 11 years later world war 2 began partially because Hitler broke the pact.
  • Beginning of the Great Depression

    Beginning of the Great Depression
    The great depression was triggered by the stoke market crash in 1929 which caused a worldwide depression and economic crisis. many countries economies were in a crisis and millions of people across the world were unemployed. This allowed dictators to gain power a lot easier.
  • Japan invaded Manchuria

    Japan invaded Manchuria
    Japan was experiencing a large number of economic crisis as well and due to that they invaded Manchuria for its coal and iron. This also proved the effectiveness of the League of Nations as if did not react to Japans aggressive attack on Manchuria.
  • Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany
    Making Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany was done by president Hindenburg's in an attempt to stabilize Germany’s chaotic political climate. Hitler later took control of Germany and established Germany into a fascist dictatorship where he was leader. He also began rearming their military.
  • Italy invaded Ethiopia

    Italy invaded Ethiopia
    Benito Mussolini led the Italian invasion Ethiopia, he tried to in establish an Italian empire and gain valuable resources for Italy. this was also another example of how the League of Nations failed as they made little effort to both stop Italy or assist Ethiopia.
  • Germany reoccupied the Rhineland

    Germany reoccupied the Rhineland
    Germany was not allowed to be in the Rhineland area of Germany as of one of the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles. This was violated and Germany marched its troops into the Rhineland. The League of Nations did not stop Germany and Hitler was able to continue his aggressive expansion.
  • Creation of the Rome-Berlin Axis

    Creation of the Rome-Berlin Axis
    Both Germany and Italy were run by dictatorships. Both counties signed an agreement to support each other called the Rome-Berlin Axis. Germany and Italy, and their allies, later became known as the Axis Powers.
  • Creation of the Anti-Comintern Pact

    Creation of the Anti-Comintern Pact
    A month later Germany and Japan signed an anti-communist agreement that they would both fight against communist countries. this united Germany, Japan, and later Italy.
  • Creation of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

    Creation of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
    Hitler wanted to invade and occupy more of Europe, although he needed to create an agreement with the Soviet Union that they would not fight each other. Hitler and Stalin both agreed to a=the non-aggression. Hitler later broke this in 1941 when Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
  • Germany’s anschluss with Austria

    Germany’s anschluss with Austria
    Germany was not allowed to have any alliance with Austria by the Treaty of Versailles, although Hitler believed that Germany and Austria have to be united as they are both Germanic. When Germany occupied Austria in 1938, it was met with very little resistance from Austria and other allied nations.
  • Signing of the Munich Agreement

    Signing of the Munich Agreement
    After Hitler took over Austria, he next wanted to take over Czechoslovakia. Hitler and Mussolini agreed with Britain and France to allow Hitler to occupy the Germanic-speaking area of Czechoslovakia known as the Sudetenland, with the condition that Hitler stop taking over more territory.
  • Germany occupied Czechoslovakia

    Germany occupied Czechoslovakia
    After signing the Munich Agreement, Germany invaded all of Czechoslovakia, and not just the German speaking Sudetenland. This violated the terms of the Munich Agreement, but Britain did not say anything.
  • Germany invaded Poland

    Germany invaded Poland
    After getting Czechoslovakia Hitler wanted to take over Poland. He made an agreement with Joseph Stalin to divide Poland between both countries, and soon after German troops invaded Poland. Germany’s invasion violated the terms of the Munich Agreement.
  • Britain declared war on Germany

    Britain declared war on Germany
    Britain had realized it had failed to maintain peace, and had no choice but to stand up to Germany’s aggression. On Sept. 3rd, 1939 Britain officially declared war on Germany. This is what began the Second World War.