Significant Events in the Human Rights Movement

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    Signed in 1215 by King John of England after violating his citizens rights. Known as one of the first documentations of stating rights that could not be infringed upon. (Breay, 2014)
  • US Slavery

    US Slavery
    Stated to begin in 1619 and went on for 400 years before Lincoln ratified the 13th Amendment. The 13th Amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865 and abolished slavery in the US.
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    Parliament required Charles I to sign in 1628 after Charles I committed human rights violations against his citizens. Reassured the same rights the Magna Carta introduced. (Coke, et. al 2014.)
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Signed into law by William III and Mary II in 1689 after King James abused his power and violated the rights of his subjects. Gave citizens the right to petition their government and lobby and appeal policies that affect them. (National Constitution Center, 2019)
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    Significant period, especially in the US, in which labor went from the farms and fields to working in textile factories. Major cause of why the economy started booming and lead to major US growth and power.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    Contains the UDHR which provided a foundation for citizens being able to advocate for human rights and fight against violations (Martin, 2015)
  • Child Labor

    Child Labor
    Child labor was exploited during the Industrial Revolution and children were put to work in factories because of their small frame and lower chance to unionize than adults. Child labor is still around and over 70 million children work in dangerous conditions on tobacco farms and doing intense domestic labor. (Human Rights Watch, n.d.)
  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams
    Founded Hull House in Chicago 1889 to provide proper living conditions for the influx of immigrants. Worked on a national level to fight for civil rights for women, children, and African Americans. (Martin, 2015)
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells
    Born to slave parents and grew up to own a black newspaper business in Mississippi. Advocated for African American rights and fought against the lynching of black men that was rampant in Mississippi. (Martin, 2015)
  • Holocaust

    The imprisonment and genocide of over 6 million Jewish people shocked the world and was a major influence in the United Nations being formed. Ended May 8, 1945 at the end of WWII
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    The Holocaust brought attention to human rights violations during WWII and lead to the establishment of the UN in 1945. (Amnesty International UK, 2017)
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    Provided a foundation for the Representatives to lobby for human rights and fight violations on a global front.
  • Amnesty International

    Amnesty International
    Peter Benenson saw two Portuguese students attempt to toast freedom and were subsequently jailed. He then founded Amnesty International. Lobbies governments and corporations to keep their promises and campaign for justice.
  • Human Rights Watch

    Human Rights Watch
    Investigates vulnerable populations and lobbies governments and corporations to keep their promises to the public.
    It also keeps track of human rights violations and abuses. Independently funded by members and does not rely on government funding. (Roth, 2021)
  • Black Lives Matter Movement

    Black Lives Matter Movement
    After the death of an unarmed black teen, the BLM movement was formed. Spread worldwide to advocate for black people to be treated fairly and to no be victims to unnessesary violence, especially at the hands of police officers.