THe colony New France surrenders to their rivals, the british
British in control
British established control over most of North America. Which led to many French citizens leaving.
Canada's current population
Since 1814 low immigration due to WWI
SInce 1815 thousands of European immigrants have come to North America, due to the Industrial Revolution.
2.5 million people
British North America Act
THe British North Act gives immigration responsibility to federal, provincial, and territorial governments.
First Immigration Act
The First Immigration Act restricts the following people from entering Canda:
treaties with First Nations
Canadian government starts making treaties with the First Nations.
Dominion Lands Act
Dominion Lands Act grants 160 acres of freeland to those who meet all the critieria.
Immigrants begin arriving from Italy, Russia, Ukraine, and Germany.
construction begins on CPR
construction begins on Canadian Pacific Railway.
SInce 1881 17000 CHinese immigrants come to work on construction the railway
Chinese Head Tax starts
Canada govenment charges $50 on Chinese immigrants coming to Canada.
Clifford Sifton, minister of the interior, begins agressive ad campaign for settlement in the West
priority given to farmers
1896-1905 the priority is given to farmers and farm labourers.
first Head tax update
Canadian government changes Head Tax to $100
recent immigration population
12.7% of Canada's population have recently arrived
second Head Tax update
Canadian government changes Head Tax to $500.
Alberta and Saskatchewan are created.
this act allows the government to deport immigrants because of:
War Measures Act
this act allows the government to stop immigration from the "enemy nations;" Hungary, Austria, Germany. Immigrants coming from these places are called "enemy aleins."
government limits immigrations
The Canadian government limmits immigration of various religious and ethnic groups.
the Immigration Act prohibits the entry of "undesirable peoples. these included:
the mentally ill
those with strange habits and lifestyles
Head Tax Ended
Head Tax ended but the new Chinese immigration act makes it extremely hard for CHinese to come to Canada. Only 44 people entered in the following 24 years
low immigration due to The Great Depression.
WWII ends immigrants are coming back.
Department of Citizenship and Imigration
The Department of Citizenship and Immigration is formed.
French, American citizens, British subjects, people wishing to reunite their families are preferred citizens.
"WHite paper" recommends bringing in immigrants with labour skills to benefit the economy.
Refugees are identified as a class of immigrants.
"Green Paper suggests the welcoming ethnic divesity as an economic tool.
Immigration Act gives more power to provinces, creates categories of immigrants, and defines "prohibited classes"
Immigrants come from more places
Since 1970 immigrants coming are mainly professionals, technicians, managers, and entreprenuers. They are coming from Europe, Caribbean, Latin America, Africa, and Asia. They are chosen according to the new Pionts System.
25% of all immigrants are refugees.
The Foreign Domestic Movement
The Foreign Domestic Movement program was introduced. Domestic workers could come on temporary contracts.
Metis culture born
THe metis culture is born from relationships between European furtraders and indeginous women.
They were recognized in the Canadian COnstitouion Act.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Canadian Charter of Rigths and Freedoms promotes inclusiveness and equality.
Supreme Court of Canada ruling
THe Supreme Court of Canada rules that refugees and landed immigrants have the same Charter rights as citizens
during and economic depression government intruduces a Five Year Plan to increase immigration.
Right of Permanent Residence
Right of Permanent Residence Fee requires each immigrant to pay $975
Right of permentent Residence
Right of permentent Residence Fee is removed for refugees.
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act establishes stricter requirements for refugees, and business-class immigrants.
Head Tax apology
Canadian Government issues ofical apology for Head Tax.
Refugee Reform Act
The Refugee Reform Act increases refugee acceptances.
Bill C-31 gives refugees a limit of 15 days to submit their refugee claims.
Points System updated
THe Points System is updated to prioritize language knowledge, education, and applicants with jobs waiting form the in Canada.