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History of Space Exploration

  • Robert Goddard makes experimental rockets

    Robert Goddard makes experimental rockets
    Robert Goddard begins building experimental rockets. Years after his death, at the dawn of the Space Age, he came to be recognized as one of the founding fathers of modern rocketry.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    The Space Race was the competition between the Soviet Union and America to reach the moon first. It began in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik 1.
  • Sputnik 1

    Sputnik 1
    Sputnik 1 was the first satellite launched by the Soviet Union that orbited Earth.
  • Sputnik 2

    Sputnik 2
    Sputnik 2 was the second spacecraft launched into Earth orbit and sent the first living thing into space.
  • Explorer 1

    Explorer 1
    A satellite launched by America into orbit and remained in orbit until 1970.
  • NASA

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) brought together scientists and engineers to solve problems of space flight.
  • Vostok 1

    Vostok 1
    The Soviet Union launched the first human into space. Yuri Gagarin flew one orbit around the Earth and returned to Earth.
  • Freedom 7

    Freedom 7
    Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space.
  • Friendship 7

    Friendship 7
    John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth.
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    The Apollo Program was launched by President Kennedy to land Americans on the Moon. Apollo 11 landed astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the Moon. Neil Armstrong was the first man to step onto the Moon saying, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
  • Hubble Space Telescope

    Hubble Space Telescope
    The Hubble Space Telescope is a telescope carried into space orbit by a space shuttle to take high resolution images of planets and space. It remains in operation today.
  • International Space Station (ISS)

    International Space Station (ISS)
    The ISS is a large artificial satellite where people can live and work for long periods of time. Scientists from many countries perform long term experiments together.