History of Sound Recording By Ashlee West Jan 1, 1857 The first musical device Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville invented the phonautograph, the first device that could record sound waves as they passed through the air. Jan 1, 1902 The Second Musical device Perfected by Thomas Edison in 1878, the phonograph was a device with a cylinder covered with an impressionable material such as tin foil, lead, or wax on which a stylus etched grooves. Jan 1, 1935 The third musical device Engineers at AEG, working with the chemical giant IG Farben, created the world's first practical magnetic tape recorder, the 'K1', which was first demonstrated in 1935. Jan 1, 1963 The fourth musical device Before 1963, when Philips introduced the Compact audio cassette, almost all tape recording had used the reel-to-reel (also called "open reel") format. Jan 1, 2005 The fifth musical device As hard disk capacities and computer CPU speeds increased at the end of the 1990s, hard disk recording became more popular. As of early 2005 hard disk recording takes two forms. Jan 1, 2010 Modification or Innovation The Hard Disk eventually modified into what is now called an MP3 Player.