History of Short Films

  • Louis Aime Augustin Le Prince

    Louis Aime Augustin Le Prince
    Le Prince begins initial work on his motion picture experiments and in 1886 applies for a patent for the production of animated pictures.

    Electrotachyscope. The instrument was unable because of its construction and design to be viewed by more than a handful at once, as opposed to a projecting device, which could entertain hundreds. It held around it’s circumference, the photograph which were illuminated by an initial spark thereby providing ‘electric rapid vision.’ The viewers watched the motion at around eye level. The disk contained fewer than 100 images.
  • Roundhay Garden Scene

    Roundhay Garden Scene
    Roundhay Garden Scene No other strip of film has ever been produced which pre-dates this one. It is known as the Roundhay Garden Scene. Le Prince photographed this sequence in the garden of the Whitley home, Roundhay, Leeds.

    Melies began showing films in his theatre from 1896 onward with split-screen effects, superimpositions, fade-outs, slow and stop-motion, double exposures and dissolves incorporated into the stories. His most famous film is perhaps remembered as A Trip To The Moon of 1902.
  • The Lumiere Brothers

    The Lumiere Brothers
    The Lumiere brothers, Auguste and Louis, were amoung the earlist film makers in history. They both attended La Martiniene college. They both began making films in 1892 and one of their first was Steam Train. This had audiences ducking out the way of the train and some even ran out of the cinema.
  • 1894 Kinetoscope

    1894 Kinetoscope
    The very first films were presented to the public in 1894 through Thomas Edison’s Kinetoscope, a peepshow-like device for individual viewing. These, and the projected films that succeeded them, were often one-shot “actuality” or “interest” films depicting celebrities, royal processions, travelogues, current affairs and scenes from everyday life.
  • Falling Cat

    Falling Cat
    Falling Cat
    Between 1890 and 1900, Marey made a considerable number of motion analysis filmstrips of high technical and aesthetic quality, including the very beautiful self-portraits of Marey and Demeny, and the famous falling cat filmed in 1894
  • The Lumiere Brothers

    The Lumiere Brothers
    The best-known film from this time is perhaps the Lumière brothers’ Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (1895), which supposedly had audiences fleeing in terror as a celluloid locomotive hurtled towards them.
  • Cinematographe

    By early 1895, the brothers had invented their own device combining camera with printer and projector and called it the Cinematographe. Patenting it on February 13th 1895, the Cinematographe was much smaller than Edison’s Kinetograph, was lightweight (around five kilograms), and was hand cranked.
  • Edwin Porter

    Edwin Porter
    In 1899, he took charge of motion picture production at Edison's New York studios. During the next decade he became the most influential filmmaker in the United States.
  • Charlie Chaplin

    Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk.
    Charlie Chaplin buoyed the spirits of filmgoers worldwide in the early 1900s. It was the time of World War I, and later the Great Depressio
  • The Great Train Robbery

    The Great Train Robbery
    In 1903, he created "The Great Train Robbery". With the combination of film editing and the telling of narrative stories, Porter had produced one of the most important and influential films of the time to reveal the possibility of fictional stories on film. This visual film, set many milestones at the time.
  • Charlie Chaplin - Making a Living

    Charlie Chaplin - Making a Living
    Making a Living is the first film starring Charlie Chaplin. It premiered on February 2, 1914. Chaplin plays Edgar English, a lady-charming swindler who runs afoul of the Keystone Kops.
  • Short Film Festival - Venice

    Short Film Festival - Venice
    The first major film festival was held in Venice in 1932; the other major and oldest film festivals of the world are: Cannes Film Festival (1946), Festival del film Locarno (1946), Karlovy Vary International Film Festival (1946), Edinburgh International Film Festival (1947), Melbourne International Film Festival (1951), Berlin International Film Festival (1951) and Toronto International Film Festival (1976).
  • French New Wave

    An artistic movement whose influence on film has been as profound and enduring as that of surrealism or cubism on painting, the French New Wave (or Le Nouvelle Vague) made its first splashes as a movement shot through with youthful exuberance and a brisk reinvigoration of the filmmaking process. Most agree that the French New Wave was at its peak between 1958 and 1964, but it continued to ripple on afterwards, with many of the tendencies and styles introduced by the movement still in practice to
  • Francois Roland Truffaut

    Francois Roland Truffaut
    François Roland Truffaut was an influential filmmaker and film critic, one of the founders of the French New Wave. In a film career lasting over a quarter of a century, he remains an icon of the French film industry.
  • Tim Burton

    Tim Burton
    Tim Burton directed a number of short movies early in his career. However, aside from his two most famous works for Disney and the TV episodes he directed, they have been mostly unseen, both by the general public and his fans.
    His earliest known film is The Island of Doctor Agor which was made in 1971, when Burton was just thirteen years old. It was an animated film shot on Super 8 with a group of his friends. Around the same time, the budding filmmaker also made a short film called Houdini.
  • Ridley Scott

    Ridley Scott
    Sir Ridley Scott is an English film director and producer. Following the commercial breakthrough Alien his best-known works are sci-fi classic Blade Runner, Gladiator and Black Hawk Down.
  • Christopher Nolan

    Christopher Nolan
    His First Short Film Tarantella was shown in 1989, In 1996 during the Cambridge Film Festival Larceny the second short film by Christopher Nolan was shown.The short film, titled Doodlebug, was made in 1997, and stars Jeremy Theobald (who also starred in Nolan’s debut feature, Following).
  • Pixar

    Pixar has screened a short along each of its feature films during its initial theatrical run since 1995 (producing shorts permanently since 2001).
  • Ashvin Kumer

    Ashvin Kumer
    Kumar's first film was Road to Ladakh, which took 9 months to make, although the actual filming was done in 16 days.The film is 48 minutes long, and was released in 2004. Kumar has described this film as his "film school", in reference to the fact that he dropped out of the London Film School and invested the course fees into the making of this film.
  • YouTube

    YouTube is a very beneficial website for any filmmaker. It gives them free reign and because of YouTube's simple design it allows the filmmaker to portray the true essence which the film possesses. Similar to Facebook it is a brand and is universally recognised. Another very helpful aspect about YouTube is that it gives you a list of similar clips along the right hand side of the page. In this case you can find unlimited short films.