History of Severe Disabilities

Timeline created by ebittner
In History
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    Advocators of 17th century

    "Swift left his entire fortune to establish a hospital in Dublin for idiots and lunatics." Defoe--That is, he thought that the best way of doing so was by making the care of people with lesser intellectual ability a contribution by those of higher ability. Wehmeyer, Michael L. Handbook of Research-Based Practices for Educating Students with Intellectual Disability. Defoe, D. (1697). An essay upon projects. London: Kessinger. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=-5oxAQAAMAAJ.
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    Edouard Seguin and the Physiological Method

    Itard’s devotion to people who were so poorly treated was inspiring to Seguin’s therefore, he took up the challenge and began working with a child, adapting, adopting, and refining his mentor’s methods and continuing the work even after Itard’s death one year later.
    in Seguin’s view, the disability could be overcome by appropriate treatment. That treatment was called the Physiological Method and was propagated in Seguin’s important 1844 text, Traitement Moral, Hygiene, et Education des Idiots.
  • The American School for the Deaf

    The American School for the Deaf
    The American School for the Deaf is founded in Hartford, Connecticut. This is the first school for disabled children in the Western Hemisphere.
  • Perkins Institution

    Perkins Institution
    The Perkins Institution was founded by Samuel Gridley Howe. It was the first residential institution for people with mental retardation.
    In October 1848, Howe converted a wing of the Perkins Institute for the Blind, where he was superintendent, as an experimental school for four boys classified as idiots.
    Howe’s school was the first public school for so-called idiots.
  • Ward V. Flood

    Ward V. Flood
    Mary Ward, the plaintiff, was an African-American child who, in 1872, was denied entrance to a California public school by that school’s principal (Flood) on the grounds that there were separate schools for colored children and that Mary could not master the curriculum for the lowest grade at San Francisco’s Broadway Grammar School. (Primary Document uploaded)-Media
  • Association of the Deaf

    The New England Gallaudet Association of the Deaf is founded in
    Montpelier, Vermont.
  • First Wheelchair

    First Wheelchair
    The first wheelchair patent is registered with the U.S. Patent Office.
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    Ungraded Classess

    general education classes—were established during the 1870s, including an ungraded class for disobedient youth in New Haven Connecticut in 1871, a class for truant boys in New York City in 1874, and a similar class for incorrigible and truant boys in 1876 in Cleveland.
  • Helen Keller Meets Anne Sullivan

    Helen Keller Meets Anne Sullivan
    In May of 1888, Anne Sullivan brought Helen Keller to Perkins School for the Blind, where a new world of friendship began. The miracle of Anne and Helen began with Dr. Howe and Laura. But Laura’s fame and Howe’s success with her were later eclipsed by the extraordinary accomplishments of Helen and Anne (Howe, 1893; Smith, 2003).
    (link text)[https://www.perkins.org/history/people/helen-keller?gclid=Cj0KCQiA9dDwBRC9ARIsABbedBPcqrVe92K8Ja_fF3uWpyMDzftYhG4Tvk6HppSbTYJfK2qBFbFyyeEaAp-bEALw_wcB]
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    Public Classes for the crippled

    In 1896, the first public classes for “feebleminded” children opened in Boston and Providence, Rhode Island and, in 1899, the Chicago public schools opened classes for “crippled” children. Wehmeyer, Michael L. Handbook of Research-Based Practices for Educating Students with Intellectual Disability
  • Mainstream Schools

    Mainstream Schools
    The Education Act concedes that
    mainstream schools are likely to be the
    most appropriate environment in which
    to teach disabled children.
  • Mental Health Act

    Mental Health Act
    The Mental Health Act abolishes the
    distinction between psychiatric and other
    hospitals and encourages the development
    of community care.
  • U.S. Olympics

    U.S. Olympics
    The U.S Olympic Committee organized its Handicapped in Sports
  • Powered Wheelchair

    Powered Wheelchair
    The iBOT powered wheelchair developed by Dean Kamen uses gyroscopic technology to allow the user to mount stairs and curbs and rise to a standing height.
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    "IDEA Is The History of Segregation and Isolation"

    IDEA requires, to this day, that children with disabilities be educated with their nondisabled peers unless the “nature or severity of the disability of a child is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily” [IDEA 2004, Title 1(B) Sec. 612(a)(5)(A)]. The original language in P.L. 94–142
  • Paralympic Games

    Paralympic Games
    The Olympic Games and Paralympic Games are held in the United Kingdom. Extensive media coverage by Channel 4 portrays disabled people winning medals as elite athletes.
  • ABLE Act of 2014

    ABLE Act of 2014
    The ABLE Act allows people with disabilities and their families to set up a special saving account for disability-related expenses. Earnings on an ABLE account would not be taxed.