History of Secondary Education in America

  • Period: to

    Permissive Era

    Public Schools were at the mercy of local voters.
  • 1st Public School opens in Boston, MA

  • Massachusetts passes a law requiring every town to choose a school committee.

  • Period: to

    Encouraging Era

    Government begins to support schools by raising tax money for education. However, school is not a requirement.
  • Only 1 in 10 people declares themselves illiterate.

  • Period: to

    Compulsory Period

    With the decline of parental authority, children felt 'compelled' to attend school.
  • 6,000 private academies exist in the US.

  • Children, ages 6 to 13, are required to attend school.

  • Brown vs. Board of Education Topeka

    Outlaws segregation in schools. Brown vs. Board
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    [Elementary and Secondary Education Act](http:/http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/531/544609/Documents_Library/esea1965.htm/)Provided federal funds for public schools.
  • 99% of children attend US government schools

  • Period: to

    Freedom/ School Choice Era

    Education expands to include a variety of different options: These include: homeschooling, vouchers, tuition tax credits, charter schools, and education deductions.
  • First Charter School Established

    City Academy First Charter School founded in St. Paul, MN.
  • No Child Left Behind Passed

    NCLBThis allowed child in low-performing schools to move to better schools.
  • Reinstatement of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    2009President Obama, in efforts to improve learning in the US' lowest-achieving schools, reinstated this act.