History of Scottsdale Community College and the wildlife degree program

By Chasa
  • Passage of the Morrill Act

    "With its emphasis on agriculture and the mechanical arts, the Morrill Act of 1862, often referred to as the Land Grant Act, expanded access to public higher education, teaching both courses and students previously excluded from higher education." From "The Community College Story: A Tale of American Innovation," by George B. Vaughan as cited by http://www.aacc.nche.edu/AboutCC/history/Pages/significantevents.aspx
  • Passage of the second Morrill Act

    "This act withheld funds from any state that refused admission to the land grant colleges based on race unless the states provided separate institutions for minorities. Expanded public higher education to include many blacks who previously were unable to attend college."
  • First 2-year college created

    Joliet Junior College established at Central High in Joliet, Illinois. From: http://www.aacc.nche.edu/AboutCC/history/Pages/pasttopresent.aspx
  • Phoenix Junior College established

    The Phoenix Union High School District established Phoenix Junior College (now Phoenix College; Wikipedia 2014).
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    The Great Depression spurred a need for more job training, which was a niche that junior colleges readily filled (Kasper 2002).
  • Passage of the GI Bill of Rights

    "In 1944, Congress passed the Servicemen's Readjustment Act. Popularly known as the GI Bill, this act provided financial assistance for veterans of World War II who wished to pursue higher education. The GI Bill was a milestone in the federal funding for education of individuals and did much to break down the economic and social barriers to allow millions of Americans to attend college. From "The Community College Story: A Tale of American Innovation," by George B. Vaughan.
  • Arizona Junior College Districts

    Arizona legislature provides for Junior College Districts (Wikipedia 2014).
  • Period: to

    Large increase in community college system

    The influx of adult baby boomers, greater expectations that young adults get a college degree, and desire to avoid military conflicts in Korea and Vietnam through educational waivers helped to fuel a large increase in demand for community college availability. (Kasper 2002)
  • Maricopa County Junior College District established

    The Maricopa County Junior College District was established by the approval of county voters, with the new system acquiring Phoenix Junior College (Wikipedia 2014).
  • Period: to

    Student aid legislation

    "Beginning with the Higher Education Act of 1965, the 1972 amendments to the act, and subsequent amendments and reauthorizations (including the 1992 higher education amendments), the federal government made it possible for practically every American to attend college. Included in current legislation is the federal Pell Grant program." From "The Community College Story: A Tale of American Innovation," by George B. Vaughan as cited by http://www.aacc.nche.edu/AboutCC/history/Pages/significanteve
  • Scottsdale Community College opened

  • Period: to

    The Fighting Artichokes adopted as SCC mascot

    "During a period of campus unrest in the early 70’s, many in the student body felt the administration was funneling far too much money to the school's sports teams and not enough to educational needs. The student body was asked to vote on a new name and school colors for the football team; the vast majority of participants opted to call the team The Fighting Artichokes, and chose team colors of pink and white" (Wikipedia accessed 2014).
  • Scottsdale Community College moved to current location

    It had an enrollment of 948 students. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottsdale_Community_College SCC is unique within the MCCCD schools in that it is located on tribal lands belong to the Gila River Indian Community. The lease for the lands will expire in 2069.
  • Center for Native and Urban Wildlife established at SCC

    Developed as a "partnership between the biology department at Scottsdale Community College, the McDowell Sonoran Land Trust and the City of Scottsdale. The Land Trust needed professional help with desert restoration projects, and the City of Scottsdale was interested in a program to teach elementary students about Sonoran biodiversity. Together the groups obtained a Nina Mason Pulliam Trust Grant." http://cnuw.scottsdalecc.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/conservation-biology-for-kids.pdf
  • Oversight transferred to individual community college districts

    "The State Board of Directors for Community Colleges of Arizona presided over the entire statewide community college system until June 2002, when the Arizona Legislature reduced its powers and duties and transferred most oversight to individual community college districts." (Wikipedia 2014)
  • Wildlife Biology MAPP program began at SCC