History of Physical Education

  • First teacher of physical education

    First teacher of physical education
    Johann Friedrich Simon is credited with being the first modern teacher of physical education. He taught gymnastics in 1774 as a part of the curriculum at Johann Basedow's Philanthropinum in Dessau, Germany. The Philanthropinum was an experimental school with a considerable portion of its curriculum devoted to physical training, including fencing, horseback riding, dancing, and ball games.
  • First sport lesson in school

    The first school in modern times to give physical training a place in its daily program. It was opened by the educational reformer Johann Bernhard (1723-1790) Basedow at Dessau. He assigned to one of the teachers the direction and supervision of the exercises of pupils.
  • Mandatory Physical Education

    Denmark’s Bill of 1814 establishes the first ever mandatory
    physical education.
  • First school to have a Curriculum on physical education

    During the time period physical education was geared more for males in private schools which in time pushed by efforts of Beecher and Lewis it soon came available for females too. Then later became more available for public schools.
  • The First Official Physical Education Teacher in America

    Charles Beck established at Round Hill the first outdoor gymnasium and the first school gymnastics program in the United States. He taught physical education classes with a curriculum modeled after Friederich Jahn's system.
  • First College Gymnasium in US

    First College Gymnasium in US
    With the assistance of Beck, Charles Follen established the first college gymnasium in the United States at Harvard in 1826.
  • YMCA

    The first YMCA was open in Boston Mass.
  • First city to require physical activity in school children

    Boston was the first U.S. city to require a program for daily physical activity for all students. Other schools soon followed suit.
  • Founding of the Normal Institute for Physical Education

    In 1961 Dioclesian Lewis founded the Normal Institute for Physical Education. It was an institution designed to train men and women to teach his form of gymnastics which focused more on flexibility and agility, rather than sheer strength.
  • First game played by both sexes (together) in America

    First game played by both sexes (together) in America
    The Park Place Croquet Club of Brooklyn organizes with 25 members. Croquet is probably the first game played by both men and women in America.
  • California mandates Physical Education

    California mandates Physical Education
    In 1866, California became the first state in the U.S. to mandate physical education in schools. Several other states would follow during the next 30 years.
  • First Intercollegiate Track and Field Competition

    First Intercollegiate Track and Field Competition
  • Invention of Football

    Invention of Football
    Invented by Walter Camp at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. It was derived from the English game of rugby and rule changes were made and are still being made throughout the history of the game.
  • First YWCA

    First YWCA
    This was the first YWCA. This was the first gym that was opened for women. It offered women a place to go that was for them.
  • American Association for the advancement of physical education founded

    Physical education courses increased the number of intercollegiate athletes.
  • Creation of AAHPERD

    Creation of AAHPERD
    American Allience for health, Physical Activity, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD) is the largest and oldest organization of professionals supporting and assisting those involved in health and physical education, leisure, fitness, dance, and other specialties related to scheiving a healthy life style.
  • Boston Conference in the Interest of Physical Training

    The 1889 Boston Conference in the Interest of Physical Training was the first time the new profession of physical education received national attention. It was the first effort to clarify the various physical training and physical education ideologies in the U.S.
  • The Establishment of the first Physical Education/Health undergraduate curricula

    The article describes how stanford's engagement of Fredrrick Law Olmsted's physical plan for Universities. The other article just gives the breif depiction of date on the event.
  • Invention of Basketball

    Invention of Basketball
    Basketball was invented by Dr. James Naismith at the YMCA. When he first introduced the game of basketball, Naismith hung two peach baskets at the end of the gymnasium. The game was played with a soccer ball, and a team consisted of nine players.
  • Invention of Kickball

    Invention of Kickball
    Kickball was invented in 1917 by Nicholas C. Seuss in Cincinnati, Ohio. He invented the game to teach younger boys and girls basic baseball skills. It was originally called "Kick Baseball" and spread very quickly throughout the United States.
  • Physical education and child development

    The Seven Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education (National Education Association). Children need recreational skills and a positive attitude toward exercise to enhance their use of leisure. Physical education can play a major role in promoting an active, healthy lifestyle.
  • HPER School is founded

    HPER School is founded
    School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation is founded and W. W. Patty is appointed first Dean.
  • NAIA Formation

    NAIA Formation
    In 1952, as a result of the expressed desires of the member institutions, appropriate steps were taken by which the NAIB was transformed into the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), and the first all-encompassing set of rules and standards was adopted.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    An incredibly important court decision that declared separating blacks and whites in public schools unconstitutional. It also granted black students equal educational opportunities as white students.
  • The President's Council on Youth Fitness

    The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports advises the President through the Secretary of Health and Human Services about physical activity, fitness, and sports, and recommends programs to promote regular physical activity for the health of all Americans.
  • Presidential Physical Fitness Award was created

    Presidential Physical Fitness Award was created
    President Lyndon B. Johnson created the Presidential Physical Fitness Award.
  • The Enactment of Public Law 90-170

    PL 90-170 is a law passed by Congress in 1967 that ensured the funds for research and training in the field of adapted physical education. Through this law the Bureau for Education of the Handicapped(BEH) was founded and empowered to take control of the movement of adapted physical education.
  • Special Olympics begins

    Special Olympics begins
    The 1st International Special Olympic Summer Games was made up of 1000 athletes from 26 U.S. States and Canada. The Athletes Competed in Track and Field, Swimming, and Floor Hockey.
  • Title IX

    Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The principle objective of Title IX is to avoid the use of federal money to support sexually discriminatory practices in education programs such as sexual harassment and employment discrimination, and to provide individual citizens effective protection against those practices.
  • Public Law 94-142, Education For All Handicapped Children Act

    This law mandated that physical education was an instructional service to be included int the child's individual education program. This law made it possible for states and local schools to receive federal funds in order to assist in the education of students with disabilities.
  • "May Month"- National Physical Fitness and Sports Month

    "May Month"- National Physical Fitness and Sports Month
    A campaign to promote nationwide physical activity/fitness and sports participation.
  • Spark program

    Spark program
    SPARK strives to improve the health of children, adolescents, and adults by disseminating evidence-based Physical Education, After School, Early Childhood, and Coordinated School Health programs to teachers and recreation leaders serving Pre-K through 12th grade students.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Enacted

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was designed to protect the rights of students with disabilities within public schools. It provides the students with special services and accommodations within the school system, including physical education.
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    This policy is actually drawing funds away from physical education, and it is unintentionally harming the health of youth in America. It has also resulted in the loss of physical educator positions, which means it is taking jobs away from people involved in the school system.
  • Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act

    Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act
    In 2004 The Child Nutrition and WIC Re-authorization Act Public Law 108–265 108th Congress that was made required that all school districts with a federally funded school meal program start addressing nutrition and physical activity. Health and Nutrition was added to the physical education curriculum.
  • American Kinesiology Association Established

    American Kinesiology Association Established
    AKA was created through a joint plan initiated by the Human Kinetics Foundation and the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.
  • President's Council on Fitness and Sports renamed the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition

    President's Council on Fitness and Sports renamed the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition
    President Barack Obama renamed the agency the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition, by Executive Order, with a new emphasis on nutrition as an element of fitness.