History of Physical education

  • Physical education

    Physical education
    1820-- schools focused on gymnastics, hygiene training and care and development of the human body. In Europe. Physical education programs expanded within most of the emerging nations of Europe. The first modern physical education movement, which was centered on physical fitness, came in the form of gymnastics programs becoming especially prevalent in Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and Great Britain.
  • Europe

    In 19th-century Europe, Sweden and Germany developed systems of gymnastics that were adopted internationally with Germany building the first indoor gymnasium. In Finland, which also built a gymnasium, exercise was for the first time seen as a way to achieve physical rehabilitation.
  • PE in America

    PE in America
    In the United States, the early educational process focused primarily on intellectual matters. Schools concentrated on teaching traditional subjects including reading, writing, arithmetic, and religious matters. Most American schools were founded with deeply religious (Christian) foundations.
  • video

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahkBwmn4pl4 The program traces the history of physical education in the United States. It covers such topics as Puritan and Protestant views of physical education, the impact of the Muscular Christianity movement, the evolution of such organizations as the YMCA, and the significance of Title IX. The program evaluates the current state of physical education and looks at emerging challenges for physical education teachers.
  • women's physical education

    women's physical education
    Women's physical education at W.S.U. began in 1901-02
  • Important contributions

    Important contributions
    Cureton introduced the application of research to fitness, which improved individual workout recommendations. He not only recognized the numerous benefits of regular exercise, he strove to expand the body of knowledge regarding physical fitness. He sought to answer questions such as how much exercise was healthy and what types of exercise were most effective.
  • United States colleges

    United States colleges
    By 1950, there were over 400 United States colleges and universities offeringmajors in physical education and there was increasing recognition of the scientific foundation of physical education.
  • Jack LaLanne

    Jack LaLanne
    LaLanne began his lifetime career as a fitness instructor. Throughout his life, LaLanne preached the value of healthy lifestyles. The history of physical education took a new direction under LaLanne when in the 1950s, The Jack LaLanne Show began airing on television. The modern fitness programs on television owe their existence to the ground breaking work of LaLanne.
  • president

    President John F. Kennedy was a major proponent of physical education. Kennedy spoke openly about the need for American citizens to improve their fitness levels, including writing an article in Sports Illustrated entitled "The Soft American." He said, "We are under-exercised as a nation; we look instead of play; we ride instead of walk". Kennedy pushed the federal government to become more involved in national fitness promotion and started youth pilot fitness programs.
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    One of the most significant shifts of the 1970s was the Title IX amendment tothe Federal Education Act, which stipulated that no federally funded education programs could discriminate on the basis of gender. Enforcement of Title IX opened up many new opportunities for women in competitive athletics, both at the high school and collegiate levels.
  • Video of Title IX in 2012