History of Music 2021 Midterm Timeline

  • Period: 500 to 1450

    Medieval Period

  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's "Micrologus"

    This created the hexachord system.
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegard of Bingen

  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    This created time signatures and prolation.
  • Period: 1450 to

    Renaissance Period

  • 1485

    Josquin’s "Ave Maria ... virgo serena" Motet

  • 1529

    Martin Luther Chorale "Ein feste burg" ("A Mighty Fortress")

  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal "Il bianco e dolce cigno"

  • 1567

    Palestrina "Pope Marcellus" Mass

    According to legend, this piece was written specifically to show the Church that polyphony could keep the voices distinct. Whether or not it was written just for that reason, this piece is created with saving polyphony at the Council of Trent.
  • Victoria "Missa O magnum mysterium"

  • Gabrieli "Sonata pian’e forte"

    This piece was written for St. Mark's Basilica. The importance is twofold; not only is it the first-ever piece with dynamics (as clear through the title alone), but it is also the first-ever piece to specify EXACTLY which instruments should be playing which parts.