History of Multicultural Education

  • First Public Library

    First Public Library
    The first publicly supported library in the U.S. is established in Charles Town, South Carolina. Two years later, the General Assembly of South Carolina passes the first public library law.
  • The Laboring and the Learned

    The Laboring and the Learned
    Thomas Jefferson proposes a two-track educational system, with different tracks for "the laboring and the learned."
  • Young Ladies Academy

    Young Ladies Academy
    The Young Ladies Academy opens in Philadelphia and becomes the first academy for girls in America.
  • School for the Deaf

    School for the Deaf
    1817 - The Connecticut Asylum at Hartford for the Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons opens. It is the first permanent school for the deaf in the U.S. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc are the school's co-founders. In 1864, Thomas Gallaudet's son, Edward Miner Gallaudet, helps to start Gallaudet University, the first college specifically for deaf students.
  • School for the Blind

    School for the Blind
    The New England Asylum for the Blind, now the Perkins School for the Blind, opens in Massachusetts, becoming the first school in the U.S. for children with visual disabilities.
  • Oldest Institution for Higher Education for African Americans

    Oldest Institution for Higher Education for African Americans
    The African Institute (later called the Institute for Colored Youth) opens in Cheyney, Pennsylvania. Now called Cheyney University, it the oldest institution of higher learning for African Americans.
  • Department of Education

    The Department of Education is created in order to help states establish effective school systems.
  • School Transportation

    School Transportation
    All states have laws providing funds for transporting children to school.
  • The Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is passed on April 9. Part of Lyndon Johnson's "War on Poverty," it provides federal funds to help low-income students, which results in the initiation of educational programs such as Title I and bilingual education.
  • Teach for America

    Teach for America
    Teach for America is formed, reestablishing the idea of a National Teachers Corps.