History of FCS

  • Benjamin Thompson

    Benjamin Thompson
    Thompson was an enthusiastic and prolific inventor, developing modifications for chimneys, fireplaces, and industrial furnaces, as well as inventing the double boiler, a drip coffeepot, and a kitchen range. He is also known as count Rumford (Rumford kitchen is named after him).
  • Catherine Beecher

    Catherine Beecher
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    Catherine Beecher

    Advocating for females to have education, Catherine wrote 33 test books including the first FCS textbook that is specifically written for young women to read. She was a teacher who believed that education should be equal and pushed towards her beliefs.
  • A Treatise on Domestic Economy

    A Treatise on Domestic Economy
    Catherine Beecher wrote the first textbook for FCS class.
  • Ellen S. Richard

    Ellen S. Richard
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    Ellen S. Richards

    As the founder of FCS, Ellen broke many barriers as a woman in science. She was advanced in all her schooling and went on to achieve a doctorate-worthy education at MIT. She loved astrology but decided there was a significant need for science to run a home.
  • W.O. Atwater

    W.O. Atwater
    Atwater was a chemist mostly known for his studied on human nutrition and metabolism. He is known as the father of nutrition and invented the respiration calorimeter
  • Melvil and Annie Dewey

    Melvil and Annie Dewey
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    Melvil and Annie Dewey

    Husband and wife duo that were doing many home experiments and research on how to run a well-kept and healthy home. Melvil was a writer and focused his many writing on mental and physical well-being and how it was affected by the quality of the home. Creator of the Dewy decimal, he and his wife began the lake placid club.
  • Land-Grant Universities in Arkansas

    Land-Grant Universities in Arkansas
    Founded as a result of the Morrill Act of 1862, 1890, and 1994. These universities are designated by the state legislature or Congress to receive benefits. These Arkansas schools include the University of Arkansas (Fayetteville) and the University of Arkansas Pine Bluff (Pine Bluff).
  • Land Grant Universities

    Land Grant Universities
    an institution that was established by its state legislature or Congress to acquire the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862, 1890, and 1994.
  • Morrill Act

    Morrill Act
    Enacted on July 2, 1862, this act made it attainable for states to launch public colleges funded by the outcome or sale of associated federal land grants. Over 10 million acres supplied by these grants were claimed by tribal lands of Native communities
  • Margaret Murray Washington

    Margaret Murray Washington
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    Margaret Murray Washington

    Her husband, Booker T. Washington, called Marget "one of the greatest women of her century". She was known for founding the Tuskegee woman's club, and other clubs that were for women's self-improvement. She help her husband with his Tuskegee work as well and continued independently after his death. She was a principal at Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.
  • The Chemistry for Cooking and Cleaning: A Manual for Housekeepers

    The Chemistry for Cooking and Cleaning: A Manual for Housekeepers
    Ellen S. Richards writes this book that can teach about the chemical processes behind common household matters such as the raising of bread, the process by which baking soda works, nutrition, and cleaning products
  • The Hatch Act

    The Hatch Act
    funded land-grant colleges in order to construct a series of agricultural experiment stations, applying a foundation for the cooperative extension services created by the 1914 Smith-Lever Act Extension Act.
  • Created the school lunch program

    Created the school lunch program
    Ellen S. Richard created the school lunch program in 1894
  • Rumford Kitchen

    Rumford Kitchen
    The Rumford kitchen is known as the origin of the department of human sanitation organized by Ellen S. Richard and named after Count Rumford. The Rumford Kitchen, at the World's Fair, was considered an educational exhibit.

    Founded by Ellen Richards, and adopted by Betty Lamp in 1926. AAFCS provides enlightenment and leadership through FACS professionals. The headquarters are located in Alexandria, VA.
  • Smith-Lever Act

    Smith-Lever Act
    This act enabled to increase of outreach programs to enhance the ability of rural Americans to have access to agricultural practices and technology. With the establishment of this national Cooperative Extension Service, many American agricultural areas increased drastically in their productivity.
  • Smith Hughes Act

    Smith Hughes Act
    President Woodrow Wilson signed the Smith-Hugh Vocational Education Act that help provide a concrete foundation to benefit developments in public vocational and technical education. this was in hopes to expand vocational education in industrial trade and in FACS.
  • ADA is founded

    ADA is founded
    58 people saw a need for people to be educated in the science of nutrition and trained in the art of feeding people. They decided to create ADA to fulfill this need.
  • Gladys Cooper Kidd Jennings

    Gladys Cooper Kidd Jennings
    Gladys is an educator, philanthropist, mentor, and the granddaughter of slaves. She earned her BS in dietetics in the College of Education and Human Ecology at Ohio State University. She has won several awards for her work in the nutrition industry pushing the idea that our bodies were made for more than pushing a button.
  • Home Economics teachers are seen as experts in nutrition

    Home Economics teachers are seen as experts in nutrition
    FACS teachers become seen as official human nutrition experts and are recognized for it.
  • Vocational Education Act

    Vocational Education Act
    This was enacted by congress to expound upon the Smith-Hugh act. This help with financially aiding vocational education programs in hopes of bringing job training into harmony with the industrial realities of today's society. Within the last 50 years, this program has gifted 1.7 billion dollars in funds towards agricultural and FACS education.
  • Vocational Amendment

    Vocational Amendment
    This Amendment was enacted in hopes of improving the ability of schools nationwide and community colleges to respond to new technological, educational, and societal needs. It was believed that the new world was shifting to new technology and machines so knowing the skills to use them was necessary.
  • Vocational Amendment

    Vocational Amendment
    This Amendment was put in place to create programs to help remove discrimination, stereotyping, and gender bias in the Vocational environment.
  • Carl Perkins Act

    Carl Perkins Act
    Originally authorized in 1984 by the government to help keep technical education quality at high standards.
  • AHEA is voted to change to FACS

    AHEA is voted to change to FACS
    The official name change of the family consumer science field was voted into place in 1994.