History of Education

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    History of Education

  • Dame Schools

    Dame Schools
    Some girls received education on basic household skills such as sewing and cooking. It was the most formal education girls would receive.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    John Locke believed that the knowledge we get, we get through senses. He was a pioneer of the inductive (scientific) method. It was recommended from him that people used utilitarian and practical learning in a slow, gradual process.
  • First Latin Grammar School

    First Latin Grammar School
    In Boston, it was the first Latin Grammar School. It was public and open to all boys of any social class.
  • Its the law!

    Its the law!
    Massachusettes passed a law requiring parents to educate their children.
  • The Old Deluder Satan Act

    The Old Deluder Satan  Act
    It required comunities of fifty or more to establish elementary schools. It also required communities of 100 or more to establish Latin Schools.
  • Themes in American Education

    Themes in American Education
    Local Control
    Universal Education
    Public Education
    Comprehensive Education
    Secular Education
    Changing Ideas of the Basics
  • Secular Education

    Secular Education
    Its purpose was for religios trainin and the in the eighteenth century it became to produce socially responsible adults/citizens.
  • Local Control

    Local Control
    It spread during the nineteenth century with the common school district system. State governments made themselves authorities in the education system and then gave substantial powers to the school boards. Federal governments did not become involved in education.
  • Universal Education

    Universal Education
    In the colonial times, education was reserved for a small amount of people mainly white males. Then in the nineteenth century, it expanded to minorites that were not allowed to go to the primary schools before were now allowed to.
  • Public Education

    Public Education
    Colonial times education was usually private and for upper classes.
  • Comprehensive Education

    Comprehensive Education
    It was enough to be able to read, write, and do arithmetic to prepare the kids for their adulthood. Then for the industrial growth, kids needed to be able to know how to wor, so they made education for that as well.
  • Changing Ideas of the Basics

    Changing Ideas of the Basics
    Literacy and Learning were the main goals and then they were turned into practical skills for the future.
  • Johann Herbart

    Johann Herbart
    He believed the purpose of education was moral development.Also that every and each subject should be taught in relation to other subjects. His core subjects were history, geography, and literature.
    His Herbartian method of instruction:
  • Northwest Ordinances

    Northwest Ordinances
    It came from the federal government stating that schooling is for everyone. Thus came the idea universal schooling.
  • African Free

    African Free
    An African Free School was established in in New York City with an enrollment of 40 then grew to over 500 in 1820. The city provided funds in 1824 anad then the city took over the school in 1834. It provided education for African Americans before a lot of white kids got it.
  • McGufey Readers

    McGufey Readers
    Before this book came out, the only book provided religious education. This six volume series trained students with grammar, poetry, writings, politics, and still religious leadings.
  • High Schools

    High Schools
    They provided public secondary schooling. They are a combined functions of Latin Grammar schools and academies. Basically they are preparation for college and for life.
  • Boston's first public high school

    Boston's first public high school
    The first public English high school was created
  • First public girl high school

    First public girl high school
    The first English public high school was made for girls shortly after one was made for boys.
  • Friedrich Froebel and Elizabeth Peabody

    Friedrich Froebel and Elizabeth Peabody
    It was the first kindergarten in Germany. In kindergarten, play helped kids express themselves and develop their own skills.Elizabeth Peabody brought his ideas to the US and established the first kindergarten in St.Louis, 1873
  • The war of 1812

    The war of 1812
    The war of 1812 brought the idea that a system of common schooling would strengthen their unity. After the fact, immigrants gave demands for an eduation that would make them Americans.
  • Maria Montessori

    Maria Montessori
    She established the preschools on the instinct that kids should have freedom but in a carefully designed environment. Her curriculum was focused on practical experiences, sensory experiences, and formal studes experiences. She created learning materials that were designed to develop certain skills.
  • Kalamazoo case

    Kalamazoo case
    Michigan courts ruled that the school district could tax the public to support high schools as well as elementary schools. This case set the precedent for financing public high schools.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    The Supreme Court passed the "separate but equal" making everything that was given to whites equal for African Americans. The main point of this case was for the equal school system.
  • Junior High Schools

    Junior High Schools
    They were designed to provide students in 7-9 with a better preparation for high school.
  • Enrollment

    More than 75% of ages between five and eighteen were enrolled in some form of schoolong.
  • Progessive Education Association

    Progessive Education Association
    John Dewey formed this to reform education following these principles:
    child should have freedom to develop nasturally
    natural interest is the best motive for work
    the teacher is a guide not a taskmaster
    a students development must be measured scientifically, not just by grades
    school and home must work together to meet kids needs
    the progressive school should be a leader in trying new ideas for education
  • Nebraska case

    Nebraska case
    After World War , Nebraska passed a law prohibiting the teaching of German in either private or public schools. The Supreme Court ruled that a state could not interfere with the prerogative of parents too educate their children as they see fit.
  • Oregon law

    Oregon law
    required all children to attend public school, a Roman Catholic school, and another private school challenged that their 14th amendment.
  • District of Columbia

    District of Columbia
    Eleven states had passed attendance laws in addition to making common schools available to the public.
  • Sputnik

    Soviet launched this space satellite and then a number of national curriculum projects were developed and put into elementary schools. Most projects involved mathematics, sciences, and social studies.
  • Major Attention

    Major Attention
    During this time period, attention was given to the gifted and the disadvantaged. The gifted was given attention to ensure superiority over all other mullishas. They wanted to use their gifts to make them better. The disadvanted was given more attention because when the human and civil rights had an uproar.
  • Middle Schools

    Middle Schools
    They are designed to meet the unique needs for preadolescents grades 6-8.
  • Elementary and Second Education Act

    Elementary and Second Education Act
    provided more federal aid public schools
  • NAtive Americans

    NAtive Americans
    They began to demand contol of their schools. They could not control their education but they were allowed to teach their native american curriculum. They were fully dependent on the government so the teachers were not paid that much and they did not get many supplies.