Education

History of Education

By amstork
  • 450

    Celtic monastic education

    Celtic monastic education
    Celtic ChurchIn the 5th century, Celtic monasteries educated their societies and preserved much literature that was being lost. Celtic monks learned to reading, writing, and the arts.
  • Jun 16, 1001

    School in Ancient Egypt

    School in Ancient Egypt
    Heiroglyphics were invented around 3100 BC, with the shortened form, Heiratic, coming later. Students in ancient Egypt were the children of wealthy families. They went to school to learn to read and write heiroglyphics.
  • Jun 16, 1001

    Public School in Ancient Greece

    All schools in Sparta were owned by the state and considered to be public, but Spartan schools really only served the purpose of creating soldiers. Boys were sent to boarding schools where they were taught combat and physical training. They slept on the ground and endured cold and hungry times.
    By contrast, the first true public schools started in Athens about the 4th century, BC. Boys were sent to school at about age 6 and learned reading, writing, physical training, and music.
  • Jun 16, 1100

    Medieval Universities

    Medieval Universities
    Medieval UniversitiesMedieval universities stemmed from monastic schools and began mostly in Italy, Spain, France, and England. They were mostly for the general study of medicine, law, the arts, and theology.
  • Jun 17, 1452

    Mass Printing

    Mass Printing
    Gutenberg undertakes his first mass production, or "Bible project".
  • Telescope Invented

    Telescope Invented
    Hans Lippershey
    Although other people probably invented other devices, Lippershey is credited with the invention.
  • First Public School in America

    Latin School, Boston, MAPuritans established the first public school in America in the home of their schoolmaster. Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Adams, and John Hancock attended this school.
  • Newton's Principia

    Newton comes up with his laws of physics, changing the face of modern science.
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

    Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
    Pestalozzi is born in Zurich, Switzerland. Pestalozzi will go on to establish many educational institutions and also almost obliterate illiteracy in the area. His book, How Gertrude Teaches Her Children, gives his personal treatise on education. He believed in personal education, tailoring to the needs of the student.
  • Friedrich Froebel

    Friedrich Froebel
    Friedrich Froebel
    Froebel is credited with inventing the term Kindergarten and also coming up with the basic concept thereof. He believed that preschool was extremely important for both the individual and society.
  • Horace Mann

    Horace Mann
    Horace Mann Often called the Father of the Common School. Mann believed that all children should have a free education.
  • Catharine Beecher

    Catharine Beecher
    Catharine Beecher
    The sister of abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe, Catharine Beecher spearheaded an effort to educate more women and to employ them as teachers.
  • John Dewey

    John Dewey
    Dewey pioneered the thinking that learning should be relative to students' lives. He is often credited with the progressive movement of education, which was the thought that school should be less authoritarian and rote learning and more experiential and relative.
  • Maria Montessori

    Maria Montessori
    Maria MontessoriMontessori began her work with mentally disabled children. She was frequently asked to speak to groups about education and was a pioneer of women's rights and the rights of disabled children. In 1907, she took a job to apply her knowledge of education for disabled children to children with normal mental capacity and the first Casa dei Bambini was born. Montessori schools can be found globally now.
  • Jean Piaget

    Jean Piaget
    Jean Piaget
    Piaget is classified as a cognitivist. His theory of learning is that knowledge is a process of assimilation and accomodation - knowledge built upon knowledge.
  • Behaviorism

    Less about thought processes, behaviorism rests on the idea that everything is measurable and observable in behavior.
  • Constructivism

    Constructivism
    Knolwedge is "constructed" by the learner. Learning is personal and has many inputs. Constructivism believes that learning is built upon the learners experiences.
    http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/802papers/mergel/brenda.htm#The%20Basics%20of%20Behaviorism
  • Cognitivism

    Cognitivism
    Cognitivism
    Cognitivism looks at the processes which are occuring in the mind during learning. The mind is more like a computer processor, as opposed to latter thoughts of the mind reacting to stimuli. Thought occurs and the brain processes factors to attain knowledge.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Brown v. Board of Education stated that the idea of "separate but equal" does apply to public education and that segregation based on race denied children their rights under the 14th amendment.
  • Benjamin Bloom

    Benjamin Bloom
    Benjamin Bloom
    Pioneered Bloom's Taxonomy, the idea that there are multiple objectives in learning. Started a movement to help in curricula and test development.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    Under Lyndon B. Johnson Congress enacts this law which provides for funding of elementary and secondary education, yet prohibits a national curriculum, leaving curriculum in the hands of the individual states.
  • First Email

    First Email
    First Email Message
    Ray Tomlinson sent the first email message, a message to himself from one computer to another.
  • First Cell Phone Network

    First Cell Phone Network
    Mobile Phone History
    AT&T launches the first cell phone network.
  • First Macintosh Computer

    First Macintosh Computer
  • First Charter School

    First Charter School
    The first charter school, City Academy High School, is established in St. Paul, MN
  • Introduction of the World Wide Web

    Introduction of the World Wide Web
    A programmer from CERN, Tim Berners-Lee, is credited with the WWW in 1991 and the first browser is launched in 1992.
  • First Text Message

    First Text Message
    Merry Christmas
    This was the first text message sent by
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    No Child Left Behind Act
    NCLB
    NCLB was a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act which contained six subsets designed to raise pupil performance in the U.S.
  • Youtube Launch

    Youtube Launch
    YouTube
    The video sharing site launches from three former PayPal employees. Bought by Google in 2006 for $1.65 bil.
  • IPad Release

    IPad Release
    Apple sells 300,000 iPads the first day of release. Since then, Apple has released two more generations of the iPad.